Soviet Air Armies 1942-43

As Barbarossa commenced, the Soviet Airforce was organised with an air division per RKKA ground army, which proved too inflexible for the effective deployment of air support. The reorganisation that took place in May to November 1942* after the catastrophic losses of the initial inavasion was to give an air army to each front, with a more or less equal number of aircraft grouped into reserve air armies (PVO Strany).

The excellent “The Soviet Air Force Since 1918” by Alexander Boyd (1977), is one of the few books that I have come across that makes any attempt to mesh the ground and air war on the Soviet side in any meaningful way. He gives , on p.153 a useful diagram for October 1943; it shows the dispositions of the 13 air armies supporting the fronts as follow:

Karelian Front ⇒ 7th Air Army (Formed Aug 42)

Leningrad Front ⇒ 13th Air Army (Nov 42)

  • 275th Fighter Aviation Division
  • 276th Bomber Aviation Division
  • 277th Assault Aviation Division

Volkov Front ⇒ 14th Air Army (Jun 42)

2nd Baltic Front ⇒ 15th Air Army ()

1st Baltic Front ⇒ 3rd Air Army (May 42 Kalinin Front)

  • 209th, 210th Fighter Aviation Divisions
  • 211th, 212nd Mixed Aviation Divisions
  • 684th, 695th Lighter Bomber Aviation Regiments
  • 195th, 708th, 881st, 882nd, 883rd, 884th, 885th, and 887th Mixed Aviation Regiments
  • 3rd Reconnaissance Aviation Squadron

Western Front ⇒ 1st Air Army (May 42)

  • 201st Fighter Aviation Division
  • 202nd Fighter Aviation Division
  • 203rd Fighter Aviation Division
  • 234th Fighter Aviation Division
  • 235th Fighter Aviation Division
  • 204th Bomber Aviation Division
  • 213th Night Bomber Aviation Division
  • 215th Mixed Aviation Division
  • 214th Assault Aviation Division
  • 224th Assault Aviation Division
  • 231st Assault Aviation Division
  • 232nd Assault Aviation Division
  • 233rd Assault Aviation Division
  • (Mar 43) Régiment de Chasse Normandie-Niemen – Yak-3

Yak-3 Normandie-Niemen2

Bryansk Front ⇒ 6th Air Army (Jun 42 NW Front)

Belorussian Front ⇒ 16th Air Army (Aug 42 Stalingrad Front)

  • 220th Fighter Division
  • 228 Attack Aircraft Division
  • 228th and 291st Assault Aviation Divisions
  • 2 independent aviation regiments

1st Ukranian Front ⇒ 2nd Air Army (May 42 Bryansk Front)

  • 205th, 206th,[4] 207th Fighter Air Divisions
  • 208th Night Bomber Air Division
  • 223rd Air Division
  • 225th, 226th, 227th Air Assault Division
  • Two independent air regiments.[1]

2nd Ukranian Front ⇒ 5th Air Army (Jun 42 N.Caucasus Front ) Fought at Kursk

  • 7th Combined Aviation Corps
  • 8th Combined Aviation Corps
  • 3rd Fighter Aviation Corps
  • 7th Fighter Aviation Corps

3rd Ukranian Front ⇒ 17th Air Army (Oct 42 SW Front)

  • 3 Mixed Air Corps (207, 290 Divisions?)
  • 7?, 9? fighter divisions (202?,235? Divs and 305?, 303?, 295? Divs)
  • Ground-attack division
  • Bomber division
  • Night bomber division -Po-2?

4th Ukranian Front ⇒ 8th Air Army (Jun 42 SW Front)

Independent Maritime Army ⇒ 4th Air Army (May 42 Southern Front) included 2 regiments of Spitfires in 1943

  • 216th Fighter Division or 216th Mixed Aviation Division
  • 217th Fighter Division
  • 229th Fighter Division
  • 230th Storm Division
  • 219th Bomber Division
  • 218th Night Bomber Division
  • 588th Light Night Bomber (Night Witches) Regiment (From June 42) – the first all-women air unit – Po-2

 

I have shown formation dates and original fronts in (brackets) with further information from the Wikki sub pages, where available.

References:

* https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_army_%28Soviet_Union%29

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames

Please Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s