Category Archives: 15mm Miniatures Wargames

Review -Paint and Glue Miniatures Krupp Protze Kfz 21 Staff Car

Kfz 21 6 Rad front resin and FDM

The Krupp Protze Kfz 21 Staff Car seems to have been quite a rare beast if photographic evidence is anything to go by. It was a variant of the Protze family of 6 x 4 trucks, listed as follow:

Kfz 21 Paint and Glue miniatures. 1:100 15mm Kfz 21.

“Several variants of the Krupp Protze were produced before and during World War II for various purposes. The first variant was the Kfz 19, which was a special telephone and communications truck, which featured a fully enclosed steel roof. The second variant was the Kfz 21, which was used as a staff car and command car. The Kfz 21 had an open top and could carry seven passengers. The third variant was the Kfz 68, which, like the Kfz 19, had fully enclosed steel roof and was used to carry radio communication masts. The fourth variant was the Kfz 69, which featured the standard body of the Protze but had a special rear tow bar fitted for towing the 37 mm PaK 35 or PaK 36 anti-tank guns. The fifth variant was the Kfz 70, which was the original standard body configuration for the Protze, and was used as a troop carrier, with capacity for up to nine passengers. The sixth variant of the Protze was the Kfz 81, which featured the standard body configuration but had a modified load bed for carrying 20 mm ammunition for the FlaK 30 anti-aircraft gun, one of which was usually towed by the Kfz 81 as well. The final variant of the Protze was the Kfz 83, which was a fully enclosed generator truck for mobile anti-aircraft search lights, one of which was usually towed behind the Kfz 83.” [Accessed 2/2/2023]

Krupp Protze Kfz 21 Staff Car

The Führer Begleit Batallion had a variant with a deeper bonnet, according to Erdmann, who lists production as “few”, but these are the only photographs that I have found:, so I’m going with it only having equipped one Panzergrenadier regiment in the NQM campaign of two battalions and an RHQ, although the three models will probably be split up to represent regimental, divisional or Armeekorps commanders. The troops in the photo above look vaguely Hungarian, so it may be that mine end up in the Hungarian box.

Krupp L3H 143 Kabriolett 10 Wagen des FBB

In this scale, you could paint practically any model car Panzer grey, and it would be close enough. With this model’s long sloping bonnet, resin is definitely the way to go. Printing lines on the bonnet of the model  in the right of the top photo are still slightly visible, even after four coats of varnish and paint. I can’t complain though as this was a free misprint, generously thrown in as an extra.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Modelling, Trucks

Romanian Mountain Division

The Romanian Mountain Division has been on the NQM Orbat at Corps level for a few years now, represented by helmeted Dutch Peter Pig figures with Italians and Japanese thrown in for variety. It is only idleness that has prevented me from putting some blobs of Milliput onto some heads to represent the splendidly outsized berets that they wore.

I have run out of excuses, so here they are. At the same time, I based the  regiment’s worth of German cavalry that I picked up from Skytrex. Progress will be slow, with Russian behaviour in the Ukraine tipping over towards Genocide, if not there already.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Eastern Front, infantry, Romanian Army, WWII

Review – Butler’s Printed Models 1:100 (15mm) Wespe

Leichte Feldhaubitze 18/2 auf Fahrgestell Panzerkampfwagen II (Sf.) Wespe

I’ve had these two Butler’s Printed Models 15mm PLA Wespes in my collection since at least 2020, still not painted much beyond their battle-ready state. But as one has already taken part in Second BRYANSK (Spring 1943) as part of 47 Panzergrenadier Division in October 2021, a review is probably long overdue.


The print is well up to the usual standard for PLA models and comes with a separate 10.5cm gun that can be set at the desired angle. It also makes building the ammunition carrier (Munitionsträger) version simple.I filled the fighting compartment with a couple of PSC gun and tank crews. The usual print striations are visible, but can be smoothed out with a couple of coats of gloss varnish. At the time of writing BPM now offers a resin print for about 50% more than the PLA version.

The Wespe was a Zwischenlösung (interim solution) for an original specification that called for a 360 degree traversing gun that could be dismounted and emplaced in defence. Common sense prevailed though and the Wespe was built on an extended Panzer II chassis with an open-topped casemated design.  626 chassis were built in total, plus 159 Munitionsträger,  according to Wikipedia. They served in the Artillery Regiment of a Panzer Division alongside the 15cm Hummel (bumble bee) that was based on the Pz III/IV chassis with 705 chasses produced and 157 Munitionsträger. It can be seen that the ratio of ammunition carriers to artillery pieces was about 1:4, which argues that more softskin carriers were also kicking around in the logistic chain

Less clarity was shown in the various designations seen in the link below:

Leichte Feldhaubitze 18/2 (Sf) auf Geschützwagen II, dated from July 1943. During its service life, the vehicle received several slightly different designations. These included G.W. II ‘Wespe’ für le.FH 18/2 (Sf) auf Gw II from August 1943, Geschützwagen II in November 1943, leichte Panzerhaubitze auf Sd.Kfz.123 [This was later allocated to the Luchs] in May 1944, and le.F.H.18/2 auf. Fgst.Pz.Kpfw.II (Sf) (Sd.Kfz.124) in October 1944

10.5 cm leFH 18/2 (Sf.) auf Fahrgestell Panzerkampfwagen II ‘Wespe’ (Sd.Kfz.124)


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames

Shedquarters 10th Anniversary

Trebian celebrated the 10th Anniversary of Shedquarters with the Monday Night Group, (which meets on a Tuesday, naturally), by re-staging Cannae with his rather splendid 25mm Hat and 20mm Airfix plastic figures, using Niel Thomas’ rules as a basis. YesthatPhil and I played in the inaugural game and I brought a bottle of Sekt. Graham still has the Cork lodged in the rafters of the Shed, so this time I played safe and brought Hobnobs. There was Red Velvet and Salted Caramel Cake. In the inaugural game I played the Roman side and the Carthaginians won narrowly. Hasdrubal, Hannibal and Maharbal are closest to the camera with Paullus and Varro opposite. At one stage, three generals were sucked into the cavalry battle on the Carthaginian left flank.

This time, I was on the Carthaginian side and the Romans won, again narrowly, with five players online and the table “pushers” taking over roles as a couple of players dropped out due to bandwidth issues in darkest Northamptonshire. The game therefore seems to be nicely balanced. Both times the dice had a role in the eventual outcome, but roll enough of them and things even out in the long run. It seemed to be in the balance until quite late in  the game.

The full report can be found here.  Graham gave me black dice, so I was feeling smug that I rolled a few numbers other than ones and twos with them! It didn’t help the Gauls though.

In other news, I have been working on a Japanese DBA army and more cavalry for the Chinese armies, as they are feeling outclassed by the Tibetan Trundlebot. Here are the horses with their gouache base coats, first coat of brown oil and black legs, manes and tails. They are all supposed to be Asian horses, so I don’t have to worry about greys, strawberry roans , bays and suchlike. There are more Japanese cavalry than warranted, as I elected to build enough for all 3 Cav or all 6 Cav. Not shown are a further pile of crossbowmen for the Twang Dynasty. They do need a lot!


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, DBA and HotT, Off Topic

War Junk

To read more about a load of old Junk for DBA 3.0, see Pigs in Spaaace.

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Off Topic

164 Light (Afrika) Division – Box 007

007 164 Lt Afrika

I originally built 164 Lt Afrika Division with German Trucks and attached 2cm Flak from 609 Abteilung

Coming across a snippet on one of the many WWII Forums (Fora?) that 164 Light (Afrika) Division arrived in theatre without any transport sent me back to my NQM division to re-evaluate it. The Division was shipped from Crete, where it had been building fortifications, less its 440 Infantry Regiment. It collected 125 Panzer Grenadier Regiment, which had been fighting in Africa since the start of the campaign. The division acquired transport by helping itself to captured British stocks.

As I had equipped the three regiments with Opel Blitz trucks, it made sense to just swap them with trucks from the British boxes, which now have some captured trucks of their own. I had to root about a bit to find enough open-backed trucks to do this, but here they are. I kept some Blitzs for 125 Regiment, reasoning that they were already in theatre, so probably already had German transport :

Box 025 164 Lt Afrika showing captured British trucks

The 125 Regiment was disbanded in January 1943. The other 2 regiments got the remaining men of 125. 382nd Panzergrenadier Regiment had just 2 battalions, the 433rd had the normal 3 battalions. Artillery Regiment 220, had just 2 Abteilungen and 1 (schw) battery.

Panzeraufklärungsabteilung 220 [Recce] (renamed 164 in spring 1943) had 5 companies:
1. Komp Panzerspäh (
2. Komp : Aufklärungs,Kradschützen and SPW platoons
3. Komp : Heavy company
4. Komp : Stug-battery
5. Komp : Stab und versorgungs Kompanie

Flakbatterie mot 220 consisted of 4 8.8cm Flak*

Panzerjägerabteilung 220 : 3 Pzjg Komp ( of which one was added 1-43, consisting of pak auf Skoda-chassis) and 1 Flak Komp auf SFL

Pionierbatallion 220 : 3 Pio Komp, 1 Schwere Werfer Zug (mot)”

EricV on accessed 17/11/22 (corrected for German grammar, spelling and unit designation consistency). Unfortunately, Eric does not cite his source, but cites two battalions each for 125 and 382 Regiments, and three for 433. The orbat suggests that 220 Pioneer Battalion had a heavy (Nebel)werfer platoon. I have found nothing to suggest that this equipment was taken to North Africa, much less that it was ever used operationally.

*Interestingly, Bender and Law (1973) give the following orbat, which may be where the 8.8cm Flak comes from in 609 Flak Battalion:

“Divisional Staff 125th (mot) Panzer Grenadier Regiment

382nd (mot) Panzer Grenadier Regiment

433rd (mot) Panzer Grenadier Regiment

707th Heaviest Infantry Gun Company (150mm IG guns)

708th Heaviest Infantry Gun Company (150mm IG guns)

220nd (mot) Artillery Regiment

609th (mot) Flak Battalion

220th (mot) Panzer Pioneer Battalion

220th (mot) Reconnaissance Battalion

220th (mot) Signals Company

220th (mot) Medical Company

220th (mot) Ambulance Platoon

220th (mot) Maintenance Company

220th (mot) Divisional Supply Detachment

220th (mot) Bakery Company

220th (mot) Butcher Company

220th (mot) Administration Bureau

220th (mot) Military Police Detachment

220th (mot) Field Post Office”

Bender, R.J., & Law, R.D., Uniforms, Organization and History of the Afrikakorps, R.J.Bender, Publisher, USA, 1973.

This .pdf commenting on Rommel’s command style, offers a clue to the nebulous and shifting German orbats at the time : It is a long, but interesting read if you have an hour to spare.

Nierhorster shows 609 Flakbatallion at Army level armed with 2cm Flak on 23 Oct 1942, 220 Artillery Regiment: 12 x 10.5cm howitzer, 8 7.5cm Mountain Gun, with no mention of 8.8cm Flak

He gives 220 Panzerjager Abteilung as being wheeled with 5cm towed guns and all three regiments being wheeled (125, 382 and 433). accessed 17/11/22.

Nafziger (2000, pp. 176-177) gives the orbat for the invasion of Greece as 5cm Pak.

609 Flak Abteilung was attached to 164 Light (Afrika) Division in August 1942, and later in 1943 to 21st Panzer Division in Tunisia, (uncredited post on Feldgrau)

Feldgrau gives this helpful summary of designations (corrected for German grammar, spelling and unit designation consistency. Note that Batallion is correct for German spelling):

> le. (or leichte) Flak-Abt.
> gem. (or gemischte) Flak-Abt.
> s. (or schwere) Flak-Abt.


H (or Heeres) Flak (or Flakartillerie)-Abt.
Fla-Bataillon (or Btn.)

Krupp Kfz 70 with 2cm FlaK 30 and 3 crew BPM, PSC "Protze"

Elsewhere in Feldgrau, one post gives the 600 series battalions as Army (Heer) units. I have elected to show all 8.8cm Flak as present only at Army level for NQM CSO (Corps-scale) orbats. There were only a few of them, and Wehrmacht lower-level Flak aimed to be self-propelled. Of course, that does not necessarily mean that they always achieved their aim.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames

Combat without Pins


Pins and a Stompy Robot.

Pins and a Stompy Robot.

For most of its life, NQM has used pins on the bases of models to show permanent casualties. They have a long pedigree, starting with Jon Sandars’ Sandkrieg. Nevertheless, there are a number of perfectly good reasons why not everyone likes pins, useful though they are:

  • They bite fingers and can be dropped on the floor! I have never trodden on one, and I don’t ask friends to  take their shoes off in the Den for this reason. Not everyone can pin them to the left centre and right on a 50mm wide base, much less a 30mm base.
  • Not everyone wants to stick pins into the nicely sculpted bases of their own toys.
  • Not everyone remembers to reorganise and reduce the pins.
  • If I ever take the game to a public show where children may be in attendance, having a hundred-plus pins on the table is just asking for trouble. It’s all good fun until someone loses an eye!
  • They add to the pre, inter and post-game kit faff.¹

So here is an example of a Corps-level  (CSO) Regimental/brigade attack, with and without pins on base markers.²

With pins

1st attack with pins

1st attack with pins.

Two S3 bases (total of S6) take four casualty markers spreading them evenly across both bases, probably becoming disorganised.

Place casualties with pins

Place casualties with pins.

The two bases reorganise, reducing to two permanent hits spread between the two bases and and moving the casualty markers behind the bases. Both pins go from the right-hand green position to the centre amber position. They begin their second attack with two S2 bases (total S4)

2nd attack with pins

2nd attack with pins.

Without pins

1st attack without pins

1st attack without pins.

Two S3 bases (total of S6) take four casualty markers placing them against one base, which can only carry three. The fourth hit removes the base at the end of the move.

Place casualties without pins

Place casualties without pins.

The remaining base takes a morale check, probably becoming disorganised. The disorganisation marker (not shown) is removed on reorganisation. The base begins its second attack with a strength of S3.

2nd attack without pins

2nd attack without pins.

Note that in both cases the green morale die on the right hand attacking base is reduced from 2 to 1 on reorganisation. If the second attack fails, the regiment is spent and can attack no further  until it is pulled out of the line to reorganise, rest and be brought back up to strength.


This mechanism reduces the chances of a formation fighting on as a Zombie Unit when it has accumulated too many hits that have gone unnoticed in the chaos of an attack. There is less kit faff, because the maximum number of casualty markers that a unit can accumulate is three before a base is removed on receipt of the fourth casualty. For the moment, reorganisation removes all casualty markers, which encourages carefully planned attacks with pauses to reorganise.

This should avoid skewing game balance, because previously removing half of casualty markers slowed the degradation of a unit, whereas now, gaining four markers will cause a loss of a base. This should speed up combat resolution to the disadvantage of reckless units, and conserve attacking forces if they manage reorganisation properly.


  1. Anything that slows a game down because players are fiddling with toys or markers rather than getting on with the game counts as kit faff.
  2. I have concentrated only on the attackers by way of illustration. It is unlikely that a single defending stand would cause four casualties without artillery support.


Filed under "Rules" Explanations, 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Rules Examples, The "Rules", Wargames

Rasputitsa and Horses

One of the chat groups that I follow and contribute to expressed amazement that the Russian Federation is using horses to resupply its troops in the illegally occupied Ukraine. This will not be a surprise to any follower of NQM or Wargaming for Grownups, and Trebian made the point that cavalry was widely used in Russia during the 1920 civil war and World War Two. Although there are more paved roads in modern Ukraine now than in 1940, the final mile across fields to the front line is still as claggy today during rasputitsa conditions as it was in 1945.

Red and White cavalry get properly stuck in!

Trebian, who owns more 15mm horses than I do, also made the valid point that over short distances four legs can be a lot quieter and more mobile than a tracked or wheeled transport vehicle, particularly if said vehicle is up to its axles in mud and revving furiously to get unstuck. My Soviets have always been well supplied by mounted troops, but when a Command Decision sale came along I acquired a pack of German cavalry.

The horses are very nicely proportioned and the riders actually look as if they are on a horse rather than a burro! The riders on these part finished pieces are not in winter camouflage, but rather undercoat! They compare very favourably with the Peter Pig Cossacks on their scrubbier mounts, although I don’t see the small steppe horses reflected in many contemporaneous photos of Cossacks. They all seem to be mounted on horses of a decent size.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Eastern Front, Modelling, WWII

Invade Crete in Ten Minutes

After a busy weekend in a shopping centre (Mall) in Milton Keynes, I am claiming victory for NQM’s first exposure to a non-wargaming public. It attracted just under fifty public contacts ranging from  fleeting “Did you make all those little planes?” to rather longer variations on the theme of  “I used to play with those, and my Grandad was in the desert“. In addition, there were a dozen plays-through almost exclusively from wargamers, but with three small to early-teenage children, who were already computer gamers, trying their luck.

As we were on a busy corner, we also spent a lot of time explaining what all the FOG (Field of Glory) and  AdlG (Art de la Guerre) Competition Gamers were doing in the middle of the concourse (“It’s like a national football league of teams of toy soldiers“). Other stands varied from historical, through the Wild West to the Peterborough Club’s Dad’s Army fighting Zombies on the opposite corner to us, which was attracting a lively crowd and which was the source of much hilarity for all concerned. Apparently everyone could outrun the Zombies except for private Godfrey!

It’s heavier than it looks in Lord of the Rings.

Most of my time was taken up on the Northamptonshire Battlefields Trust stand, which was a busy focus due to the medieval hardware on display. The commonest contact there was ” Would you like to photograph your offspring holding a sword and wearing a helmet?” with the caveat “but only if you promise not to stab your brother/sister” and then a hand-off to the parents with a leaflet and an invitation to visit Delapré Abbey if they wanted a good family afternoon out. Anyone who lingered, showing more detailed interest was handed over to Vincent, or to Alex, who has a History Masters degree and actually knows what he is talking about. We may also have recruited a speaker for our 2023 program who has an interest in the English Civil War.

YesthatPhil came along too. He had had the presence of mind to bring a couple of DBA armies along, so we all managed to fit in a game or two during the days’ quiet spots of calm. As at work, when nothing is happening and you make a coffee, it guarantees that you will be interrupted, so some of the battles were rather fragmented. I don’t know if Vincent or Alex are convinced yet, but we are working on them.

You stick them with the pointy end.

As to Crete, I needn’t have worried. Everyone who invaded Crete succeeded, with between 3:58 minutes and 49 seconds to spare, and I handed out just under twenty information sheets: Okay for a first run out. Improvements to come will be better signage, and as YesthatPhil puts it “Some Fallschirmjäger bling” to attract people in from a distance. I did have, as a contingency, the option for two players to sit down, with one player taking the Commonwealth, but in the event, no-one took up the “Would you like to be defeated by your offspring?” option, as I had weighted the scenario in favour of the Germans. Even so, it was still touch and go for them on a couple of runs-through. Forty nine seconds to spare is still a win!

HERAKLION falls to the Germans!

The key to making the game run on time was to have the player roll five dice using the traditional Risk mechanism, rather than using the Table 12 fire mechanism, and to tell the player if they were attacking or defending. Also having a timer counting down, meant that the player wanted things to move along, as they were focussed on beating the clock, rather than winning the die rolls. Telling the children that the dice only counted if they landed in the box helped too!

In other news … the Hobbit expressed disappointment at the lack of giant stompy robots in his last game. See this remedied over on Pigs in Spaaace. Link in the sidebar.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, CRETE, German Airforce, Theatres of War, Wargames, Wehrmacht, WWII

Crete 1941 – Demonstration Game at Milton Keynes on 17-18 September 2022

As a newly-minted Gentleman of Leisure I now have time to do the sort of things that normal people do, such as going to wargames shows. The show at Milton Keynes is a bit special as it is held in a shopping centre. This means that the public is a bit more diverse than a self-selecting audience of wargamers, and most of the public walking through will be relatively new to the idea of wargaming or military history.

The brief that I set myself was to have a board that took up no more than 3′ by 3′ for convenience and would tell the story in five minutes or play through in ten. This is what I came up with for the board:

It is a five by five grid, giving enough space to visually separate the three elements of Operation Mercury – Orion, Mars and Komet as seen from east to west. A player will need about three or four minutes of orientation, leaving little time for die-rolling.

My first run-through with the Empress took 15 minutes and was too repetitive, It persuaded me that the firing mechanism using Table 12 was the wrong one for this game. Also, there was no need to use the smaller bases, as they added nothing to the story except length. I was also persuaded that giving the players choice slowed the game down too much :

Do you want your bombers to attack the anti-aircraft defences or the troops on the ground?

Each question led to a minute of to-and-fro question and answer sessions, for which I had no spare time budgeted. As with patients, wargamers will not answer a question until you have given them enough information to persuade them that theirs is the right answer.

The second run-through went much better using the close assault Risk-based die mechanism. The player still had choices to make of when to break off the attack, but was led through the historical course of action, and didn’t have to ponder overly long. I am still wondering if putting Greek troops and Italians onto the board as non-acting extras will clutter things up too much and be another distraction.

All that remains to do now is finish any last-minute painting and pack everything up. Hang on! Will W is coming round for a game of DBA this afternoon! 🙂


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, CRETE, Theatres of War, WWII