Category Archives: Trucks

You can never have enough trucks.

Slapping Paint onto Stuff – Poles and Steyr 1500A Kfz. 70

The Cloister

The painting and modelling plan has taken a bit of a hit this year and last, for reasons that are obvious to everyone. Work has taken priority, and still is, with overstretch and under manning taking its toll on my spare time. At the end of the day, I don’t feel like logging onto a Zoom or Skype wargame, even though there have been some good ones that I could avail myself of. So apologies to everyone whose invitations I have turned down, or not replied to.

Party Central

Weekends have been spent outdoors. There is nothing quite like spending 10 hours in a mask to help you appreciate just how good fresh air tastes. Shed 24 was completed this week, although I will probably continue tinkering with it for fun. The Cloister is now roofed and painted in Fairground-pattern dazzle camouflage, with party lights in anticipation of post-lockdown garden meets in our reliably inclement summer weather. Caunter had the right idea, but never carried it fully through IMHO.

Caunter Fairground Palttern Dazzle Camouflage

Indoors, I managed to slap more paint onto these Steyr 1500A Kfz. 70 heavy cars from PSC. The finish of the kits is lovely, the jigs horrible as you need to cut and shave the side panels to fit. If you don’t, they keep springing off before the solvent sets.

Aircraft modellers will be looking on, unimpressed.

“We do this all the time”, they say.

PSC Steyr heavy car sidecut assembled

” …. and this. It’s part of the fun”, they say¹.

So the end result was this handsome pair of kits. Was it worth it? Yes. Will I do it again now that resin printed models are available? No.

Plastic Soldier Company 15mm Steyr 1500A Kfz.70 with Peter Pig crew

  1. Don’t google anything with “clamps” and “fun” in the same sentence unless the family filter is on. Just saying.



Filed under Modelling, Off Topic, Shed du Soleil, The Workshop, Trucks, Wehrmacht

Sd Kfz 11 and 3.7cm Flak 36/37

Luftwaffe Sd Kfz 11 and 3.7 Flak 36/37 R

The Skytrex 3.7cm Flak 36/37 and Syborg 3D Sd Kfz 11 have been sitting around undercoated for a while now. I finally married them up on a single base and added a bit of colour. There is not much pictorial evidence around of prime movers for the Flak 36/37. I found pictures of an Opel Blitz and a captured French Citroen online, but have no idea whether they are representative  or not. Going to the Milicast site, suggests that heavy field cars, trucks both armoured and unarmoured, were pressed into service as self-propelled mounts. I generally reckon that Milicast are pretty accurate in their choice of models and information, having strong links to MAFVA.

At 1,550Kg combat weight, The Flak 36/37 is well within the limits for an ’11, as it also towed the zwillingen twin barrelled version of the Flak 43 (according to Wiki). Mine is painted up in a simple desert scheme of sand with grey showing through. I improved the texture of the canopy by the simple expedient of sticking tissue paper to it, to hide the contour lines that are endemic to FDM printed models.

Flakpanzer IV RoCo "Ostwind"

There is no shortage of pictures of self-propelled mounts on Sd Kfz 7/2s, (about a thousand produced) or Flakpanzer IVs (240 Möbelwagen 3.7cm and 43-46 Ostwind 3.7cm) etc., however I think that the majority of these guns would probably have been towed by wheeled transport in the Luftwaffe, with half-tracked tows reserved for the Luftwaffe field divisions.

Luftwaffe Sd Kfz 11 and 3.7 Flak 36/37

Crews should be painted as Luftwaffe, or army. If army, they may either have white infantry piping if Flabatallion with 2cm and 3.7cm guns, all on self-propelled ,mounts; or red piping if artillery in mechanised mixed Heeresflak Batallions in Corps orbats, with three 8.8cm Flak companies and two 2cm/3.7cm companies. the crews in black below are not Panzer troops, they are still in their undercoats!

Sd Kfz 10/4 mit 2cm FlaK 30 FiB

For NQM, I simplify orbats to show Heeresflak Batallions as artillery with SP 8.8cm and Flabatallions as infantry with SP 2cm and 3.7cm. If it’s self propelled, then it’s army, but if towed then Luftwaffe. Nierhorster confirms this, showing 135 Flak Regiment as having four Luftwaffe mixed battalions attached to DAK. Army Flak also had machine guns. YesthatPhil has a superb scratch-build of a horse-drawn version  here.

For anyone modelling below corps scale, searchlights were spread out amongst the Flak battalions.  Andrew Bruce’s blog in the sidebar to the right, is very helpful with this source: Special Series 10. German Antiaircraft artillery (1943) Military Intelligence Service, War Department [] Accessed 14/2/21

Lone Sentry also has this useful intelligence brief on tactical employment.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Artillery, Modelling, Trucks

Paint and Glue Miniatures Kfz 21 Krupp Pkw

Krupp Kfz 21 Pkw FL

This post on the Kfz. 21 Krupp Pkw (Personenkraftwagen or people carrier) shows the superiority of a resin print over an FDM one (see my review of the Kfz. 19 last week).  The Krupp is a good model to highlight the differences, because of its long sloping bonnet.

Krupp Kfz 21 Pkw FR

As far as I can ascertain, the Kfz. 21 was used as a staff car for senior officers, or as a troop carrier for the Führer-Begleit-Bataillon. The motley crew are mostly Command Decision, with the rather fat general in the middle right hand seat coming from the Plastic Soldier Company Marder crew.

Krupp Kfz 21 Pkw RR


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Modelling, Trucks, Wehrmacht

Paint and Glue Miniatures Kfz 19 Krupp Protze

Kfz 19 Krupp Protze FL

This iconic vehicle featured heavily in the sort of photographs that were available in pre-internet days to a teenaged Panzer fancier.  I always fancied building one, but never got round to it. So I was delighted when PGM offered this model. It is a very nice print too. The usual comments about print lines apply , and when I get the review of the resin schwerer geländegängiger Personenkraftwagen (6rad) (Kfz. 21)
mit Fahrgestell des l. gl. Lkw. (o)
onto the blog, the differences can easily be seen, showcasing the superiority of  resin over FDM. As resin printers become more affordable, they are the way forward, I think.

Kfz 19 Krupp Protze FR

The PGM model can be used as a Fernsprech-Betriebskraftwagen (Kfz. 19)
mit Fahrgestell des l. gl. Lkw. (o)
(telephone vehicle ) or as a Funkkraftwagen (Kfz. 19) mit Fahrgestell des l. gl. Lkw. (o) (Radio vehicle). The latter , according to Holger Erdmann (see sidebar), was a rare variant, making up numbers for the commoner Kfz. 15.

Wikipedia gives 7000 chassis being built overall, but the radio and telephone bodies would have been a much smaller proportion of these. I believe that the Kfz. 19 and 21 were essentially early war vehicles, so I have painted mine grey. I haven’t seen any vehicles painted in mid war camouflage yet, although there are a couple of Kfz. 70s in the pre-war three tone pattern of dunkelgelb, green and brown. The vertical wooden panels on the doors and body are rendered nicely, but it would really take a resin print to take full advantage of this detail. the wheels are printed separately, needing to be stuck on. I’m very happy with my model, and can recommend it.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Modelling, Trucks, Wehrmacht

Paint and Glue Miniatures Krupp Protze Kfz. 69 (L2 H43)

The Paint & Glue Miniatures Krupp Protze Kfz. 69 (L2 H43) is a very neat print that has excellent detail, and which models the rear tyre with its frame very accurately, and has good detail around the ammunition boxes. Print lines on the sloping front bonnet, the usual curse of printed models, are not too noticeable, and the windscreen is separate, so can be modelled up or down. Wheels are printed individually, which you either like, or don’t. It can be seen that printing separately enables better tyre detail. As usual, my battle-ready-get-it-on-the-table paint job does the model no favours.

Krupp Protze Kfz 69 with 1 driver QRF, PP

It compares very favourably with the Butler’s and QRF Kfz. 70s and the QRF ’69, which lacks the rear wheel detail. The Kfz. 69 was most often seen towing the 3.7cm Pak, with the Kfz. 81 variant towing the 2cm FlaK 30 and 38 gun

Krupp Protze Kfz 70 with 1 driver [8] (6) BPM, PP, (2) QRF, PP

Krupp Kfz 70 with 2cm FlaK 30 and 3 crew BPM, PSC "Protze"


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Modelling, Trucks, Wehrmacht

Review – Paint and Glue Miniatures T-20 Komsomolets Artillery Tractor

P&GM T-20 Komsololets with PP 45mm Anti Tank gun

The Paint and Glue Miniatures T-20 Komsomolets artillery Tractor is a handy little model that comes with separate tracks and a finely detailed MG that is quite fragile. The tracks glue on squarely with good detail, and the gun is easily replaced by drilling it out and adding a brass or stretched sprue replacement. Originally produced as an armoured tractor for towing 45mm antitank guns, 120mm mortars and 76mm regimental guns, the Komsomolets was neither fast nor well armoured, but it did the job.

100 examples were produced as the ZIS-30 with a 57mm antitank gun mounted on the back. As the tractor was smaller than the universal carrier, which itself struggled with a 2pdr on the back, firing was a lively affair for the crew. Nevertheless it gave useful service around LENINGRAD, and the T-20 soldiered on with 6,700 entering the war, and about 1,668 surviving until 1942. 1048 units were still around in Jan 1943, staying in service in dwindling numbers until the end of the war.

Mine will go to the Rifle Corps as prime movers for antitank and mortars.




Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Artillery, Logistics, Modelling, Soviet Army, Trucks, Wargames, WWII

Review – Paint and Glue Miniatures Fiat 626 NL Militaire Truck

G&PM Fiat 626 front R 34

G&PM Fiat 626 front R 3/4 view

Garry at Paint and Glue Miniatures lists his models at 28mm or 1:56, but was happy to produce an order for me at 1:100 quoting 40% of the listed 28mm price. This makes pricing par for the course, and fair value.

G&PM Fiat 626 front L 3/4

G&PM Fiat 626 front L 3/4 View

For various personal reasons, not least Covid-19, the order took longer than planned, but Garry kept me informed throughout, and generously threw in extras to make up for the wait. When the order arrived, it became clear that the delay was partially due to Garry being a bit of a perfectionist. One or two of the extras were minor print flaws that were not really noticeable, but meant that the prints would not have made it into the finished pile. They are still well up to standard with the odd bit of stowage to cover any flaws. The smaller models were printed in Resin and are some of the finest 15mm prints I have seen (motorcycles and cycles). More of those in a later post, as I am still plucking up the courage to lay paint on them.

G&PM Fiat 626s

G&PM Fiat 626s

I have had the office-bodied Fiat 626 print before from Simon at Syborg 3D Printing, who is having a Black Friday Sale at the moment. They were good, and came with wheels printed as part of the cast.  I personally prefer this approach to escape the wobbly wheel syndrome, but others may prefer the P&GM separate wheels and axles as they make for easier converting.

The prints needed a bit of trimming or drilling to fit, but went together uneventfully and came with cargo bodies and separate covered canopies as part of the price, rather than the Butlers Printed Models approach of specifying your option at the point of order. I can recommend all three firms as being good to deal with, and now there is a comprehensive range of models available on the market. Happy Days!

More to follow as I stick and slap paint on. I’ve being black undercoating some of these prints. It seems to work well, and anyone who routinely paints this way will be face-palming and saying “Welcome to the 20th Century”. My Italians are happy anyway as they now have have something to carry their supplies in.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Italian Army, Logistics, Modelling, Trucks, Wargames, WWII


I’ve never been quite happy with the way that I paint truck windows. A vast array of “Style Conventions” exist. Commonly, they are painted black, blue, grey or silver; often with diagonal lines to convey light falling on them. Sometimes they are drilled out or glazed in.  You can see examples all over the web and I’m not suggesting that there is anything wrong with any of them.

Black with a gloss coat – yours truly:


Tankbusting Stuka JU87 G (from the Author’s collection)

or Deep Blue or blue and grey, with a dot pretending to be the sun

Bedford 15cwt with 4 crew PP

Pale blue with diagonal lines – at JP Wargaming place

Renault AHD

Renault AHD

Drilled out or even drilled out and glazed! – YesthatPhil at P.B.eye-Candy

I’ve been musing about how they actually appear in photos – usually black or silver with visible squares of light or shadow inside. Sometimes with dust and wiped clear fronts to allow the driver to peer out. Much more complex, and needs a bit of working out. Time to play around to see what comes out at the end.

Silver front with dark sides

Light and dark with reflections and detail visible through the windscreen.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Aircraft, Modelling, Trucks

Review – Syborg GMC CCKW 353 2.5 Tonne Trucks

GMC CCKW 353 Repair Fuel and Workshop Trucks

In a departure from their normally excellent one piece prints, Syborg have elected to cast the wheels for their GMC 1.5 tonne truck separately. This has the advantage of ensuring round wheels, but the disadvantage of needing careful setting of the wheels on the axles, and also careful drilling out of the wheels to ensure a good stick.

On balance, I prefer a one-piece cast, as my wheel-setting skills are dodgy. The available backs include a cargo bed, recovery bed, fuel and water bowsers and office body. All the prints are excellent with the usual whinge about contours on the sloping surfaces. There is enough clearance to be able to file these out. The printing of jerricans on the fuel bowser is nothing short of brilliant. This is 3d printing at its best.

The CCKW 353 was an off-road long wheelbase truck, as opposed to the short wheelbase 352 and the on-road CCW. they were produced with closed or soft top cabs, and about 1 in 4 had an MG ring for AA self- defence

In 1943, the Soviets began to receive large numbers of American trucks, halftracks and tanks. The massive supply of trucks meant that Soviet logistics suddenly became more reliable, and they could concentrate on the production of tanks and artillery to the exclusion of almost everything else. My three models are bound for Russia. They would have been delivered in olive drab, but I had Soviet artillery green to hand, so there’s an end to it. They are adding to the ranks of a Front HQ (A5-CCCP Front HQ).

Front Commander and Troops in Reserve

As an aside, the Soviets had received almost a thousand trucks by way of Great Britain in 1941. They had been ordered by France, delivered to the UK, and were deemed too large and too underpowered, so were shipped to Russia.

BPM have released a superb 6 tonne Treadway bridge truck seen 2nd from left, front row; more of that to follow.





Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Logistics, Modelling, Soviet Army, Trucks, WWII

Review – Syborg Ford V3000 Ambulance

QRF Opel Blitz Office-body and Syborg Ford V3000 Ambulance

The Ford V3000 Ambulance from closes a gaping hole in the inventory of WWII trucks for the early to mid-war period.

QRF Opel Blitz Office Body Syborg Ford V3000 Ambulance and MMM Models Opel Blitz Office-body

Comparing this model to those of Skytrex and MMM Models, we see that it sits a little lower and wider in the cab, and has a well-modelled set of ladders on the back, which were one of the distinguishing features of the ambulance body. The biggest flaw in this print are the inevitable contour lines on the bonnet and mudguards . I may have to add cam nets or an air recognition flag to disguise them. This however is a minor criticism of a rather nice little model. The Jerrican on the passenger side mudguard is a nice touch too. The body actually modelled is the geschlossenem Einheits Aufbau (Kfz. 305) mit Laufgangdach (literally: standard closed construction with gallery roof)¹. It is even possible (just) to recognise the print as the Ford V8 G 198 TS  first series, by the beading on the bonnet, and to see a retaining chain holding the rear steps in place. (Although that might just be a bit of supporting tree that did not peel off! Either way, it is staying on now.)

The Wehrmacht used a vast number of requisitioned and captured trucks, so it is good to be able to reflect some of that variety, rather than just filling the ranks with an uneven mix of Opel blitzes from various manufacturers.

1. Looking at the second photo, I have just realised that the  Skytrex and MMM models have just used the left hand (Looking forward) pattern of doors and windows for both sides. Only Petrol Heads or Truckophyliacs will fret about that.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, Hungarian Army, Modelling, Trucks, WWII