Chris Kemp’s Not Quite Mechanised
German Air Force (Luftwaffe)
|Airfield HQ||1 Geschwäder Comd in Staff Car (s3), Control Tower Van (s3)|
|Gruppen x 2-4||1 Aircraft (See notes below)(s3-4) (Each strength point represents a Staffel)|
|Ground Support|| 1-6 Ground Sp Crews (@L1), Fuel Bowser, Fire Truck with Crew (@L3), Ammo Tender (L3). Each aircraft engine should have 1 Log point to support it.
My old Luftwaffe ground crew bases
Newer ground crew bases.
At the operational level – Luftflotten, Fliegerkorps
At operational level, the Luftwaffe was divided into Luftflotten (Air fleets). Each Luftflotte contained several Fliegerkorps, the core of which were several Geschwäder, but also independent Staffeln and Kampfgruppen attached. Operational aircraft strengths fluctuated wildly. The Geschwäder was the fixed unit whose designation did not change
At the tactical level – Geschwäder, Gruppe and Staffel
A Geschwäder would be roughly equal an RAF Group and comprised about 100-120 aircraft or 3-5 Gruppen. If Gruppen or Staffeln were moved between Geschwäder, they changed their designation to fit into the new Geschwäder.
A Gruppe would be roughly equal an RAF Wing and comprised about 30-36 aircraft, or one NQM model of 1-4 strength points.
A Staffel would be roughly equal an RAF Squadron and comprised about 10-12 aircraft or one strength point.
The following aircraft types were used by the Luftwaffe. I have not included purely Strategic Aircraft, Trainers or Night fighters, nor aircraft where only small numbers saw service at the very end of the war. , I have included the German designation, (first operational use) and [Type]. If I have been able to determine, I have given operational areas and any comments that help: If it looks a bit like an easily available aircraft that it can be modelled from, I have noted that. The main source for this section is Gunston, B. (1978) Combat Aircraft of WWII. Arranged by date of entry into service using his framework.
Junkers Ju52. (1934), [Transport, Bomber].
1/144 He111s from the Author’s collection
Heinkel He111 (1936) [Medium Bomber].
1/72 Airfix Hs 123b photo copyright Glenn Irvine
Henschel Hs123. (1936), [Dive Bomber, Close Support].
Henschel Hs126. (1936 – 1942), [Recce, Close Support].
Junkers Ju86. (1936), [Recce, Bomber].
Junkers Ju290. (1936), [Transport, Bomber]. Transport used at Stalingrad.
Ju-290 1:44 Scale Die cast Model
Dornier Do17 Fliegende Bleistift (Flying Pencil)
Dornier Do17. (1937), [ Med Bomber & Recce].
Messerschmitt Bf109. (1937), [Fighter, Fighter-Bomber]. Widely used on all Fronts.
Arado Ar196. (1939), [ Recce Seaplane]. Saw service in the Black Sea and Med.
1/144 Ju88s from the Author’s collection
Junkers Ju88 (1939) [Medium Bomber]
Bf110e from ZG 26 1942
Messerschmitt Bf110. (1939), [Fighter].
Dornier Do217. (1940), [ Med Bomber, & Recce].
Focke Wulf Fw189 Uhu. (1940), [Close Support Recce]. Widely used on Eastern Front. (Conversion from a P-38 Lightning by the Author)
Focke Wulf Fw190. (1940), [Fighter-Bomber]. Widely used on all Fronts.*
Gotha Go145. (1940), [Night Attack]. 6 Geschwäder used on Eastern Front.
1/72 Bv138 copyright Jürgen Klüser (http://www.klueser.eu) used without permission
Blohm und Voss Bv138. (1941), [ Recce Flying Boat]. Saw service in the Black Sea and Med.
Henschel Hs129. (1942), [Close Support]. Purpose built tank buster.*
Messerschmitt Me262 (1944). [Fighter Bomber]. Only included because Tim Gow gave me two :O)
*Some pictures from http://www.tankzone.co.uk