NQM Soviet Tank Corps

Tank Corps HQ  

Comd mounted in Gaz Jeep (C3), Signals Staff Car (C3), 0-1 AA Truck (S3)

Soviet Artillery Division or Tank Corps HQ

Recce Battalion

0-1 Lt Tank (R1), 0-1 A/C (R1), Motorcycle (R1)

Tank Brigade

(Comd T-34 (C3), 0-1 T-34 (F3) 1942) or 1 KV-1 (F2) 1941

A Zvezda 15mm T-26 and KV-1 with a Plastic Soldier Company T-34 make the tank element of a 1942 Soviet tank corps

Tank Brigade

1 Comd T-34 (C3),  0-1 T-34(F3) 1941-45

T-34/85

Tank Brigade

1 Comd T-34 (C3) 1942 or comd T-70 (C4) 1941-2, 0-1 T-34 (F3) 1942-45

Motor Rifle Brigade

Comd + MMG + Gaz Truck (CS3), 2-3 Rifle or  SMG tank riders + Gaz Truck (F2-3)

This battalion can be portrayed a number of ways to suit your models, with the battalion being 5-6 strength points in total. It does not matter if the commander is grouped with the support or fighting stand.

Soviet Motor Rifle Battalion. Peter Pig and Old Glory UK

Soviet Motor Rifle Battalion

Anti- Tank Brigade

0-1 76mm Gun (S3)+ Limber (L3)

Soviet Artillery Regiment

Self Propelled Artillery Regiment

0-1 SU-76 or SU-85 or SU-152 (Sp2-3) attached from army level

SU-122/152

Mortar Regiment

82mm/120mm Mortar (Sp3) 1943 + limber Gaz Truck/Komsolets tractor (L3)

Independent Mortar Regiment (120mm)

Pioneer Battalion

 2 Pioneer Stands (@E1), 1 Gaz Truck (L3) with optional Bridging Trailer (L3)

Pioneer Battalion. Peter Pig figures from his WW1 range with a scratch built truck and 1/72 Airfix trailer Soviet Pioneer Battalion

Note that the Soviets Tank Corps had no Forward Observation Officers (FOO) early in the war, so can only pre-plan indirect artillery fire, or use direct artillery fire.    

Despite calling it a corps, This was really a divisional sized unit. After the chaos of the first months of the war, the Soviets doggedly rebuilt their tank forces and authorised a new corps structure. There were a number of ups and downs before the ability of the factories to supply tanks caught up with the rate that the Soviets were losing them to the enemy.

In 1943 a tank army orbat was also raised, containing a rifle division and two tank corps, although as with every other orbat, it varied.

For more detail see  Zaloga and Ness (1998)  Red Army Handbook 1939-1945, which is an excellent one-stop source for wargamers.

Soviet Tank Corps Pre-War

The  picture of the Tank Corps above is on pre-war Tables of Organisation and Equipment (TO&Es) despite the models being T-34 76s and 85s : There is no Engineer Battalion. The Mortar regiment has substituted a captured Raupenschlepper Ost for a Gaz truck, and is joined by two more regiments for an offensive. The Self Propelled Artillery Regiment  1 Su85 and an SU-76. The Anti-tank Brigade has  a Regimental 76mm gun instead of the later divisional 76mm gun. The Command Stand in the Motor Rifle Brigade has no transport; it will oblige a Rifle Company to ride on the back of a Tank Company, as the Command Stand takes its place in a Gaz truck. The T-34s are a pretty mixed bag, and two of them look suspiciously like KV-1 conversions. The divisional headquarters has managed to scrounge some anti-aircraft cover.

1943 onwards, 1944 onwards, 1945 onwards.

Tank corps HQ.

Command car (C3), Signal Van (C3), T-34 (F3).

Tank brigade x 3.

3 T-70 (F2) + 3 T-34 (F3) or 0 T-70, 6 T-34 (F3). This is a total for all 3 brigades and a vast improvement on the state of  the tank corps in April 1942 shown below.

A Zvezda 15mm T-26 and KV-1 with a Plastic Soldier Company T-34 make the tank element of a 1942 Soviet tank corps

Motor rifle brigade HQ.

Comd + 82mm mortar (CS2), 120mm mortar (CS2).

Infantry Battalion x 3

Comd + 2-3 Rifle + 0-1 SMG + 0-1 Truck forming a (C) and (F) stand with total strength of (3-5)

Artillery Regiment.

76mm gun (S2)(S1)(S3) + Limber (L1-3), Su76/85 (S3)(S4), SU-152 (S2),

[Katushas, SU-152, are shown at army, or artillery division level. As I understand it, SU-152s were gradually replaced by SU-85s as these became available]

It should be stressed once more that these were authorised strengths, not necessarily achieved strengths. The Soviets might have flattered themselves that this was a corps, but it looked divisional-sized to the Wehrmacht.

Summary for printing out:

Tank Corps HQ  

Comd mounted in Gaz Jeep (C3), Signals Staff Car (C3), 0-1 AA Truck (S3)

Recce Battalion

0-1 Lt Tank (R1), 0-1 A/C (R1), Motorcycle (R1)

Tank Brigade

(Comd T-34 (C3), 0-1 T-34 (F3) 1942) or 1 KV-1 (F2) 1941

Tank Brigade

1 Comd T-34 (C3),  0-1 T-34(F3) 1941-45

Tank Brigade

1 Comd T-34 (C3) 1942 or comd T-70 (C4) 1941-2, 0-1 T-34 (F3) 1942-45

Motor Rifle Brigade

Comd + MMG + Gaz Truck (CS3), 2-3 Rifle or  SMG tank riders + Gaz Truck (F2-3)

Anti- Tank Brigade

0-1 76mm Gun (S3)+ Limber (L3)

Self Propelled Artillery Regiment

0-1 SU-76 or SU-85 or SU-152 (Sp2-3) attached from army level

Mortar Regiment

82mm/120mm Mortar (Sp3) 1943 + limber Gaz Truck/Komsolets tractor (L3)

Pioneer Battalion

 2 Pioneer Stands (@E1), 1 Gaz Truck (L3) with optional Bridging Trailer (L3)

ToE Summary:

Comd mounted in Gaz Jeep. Signals Staff Car or Truck Gaz or Zil. 0-1 AA Truck Gaz or Zil. 0-1 BT-10. Motorcycle. 3-6 T-34. 0-1  T-60 or T-70. 0-1 KV-1. Maximum of 6 tanks.

Comd base + 4-5 Rifle or  SMG bases

2 Pioneer bases. 0-1 Bridging Trailer.

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