Tag Archives: 8th Army

The Battle of Bir Bar ‘el – Breaking into the Position

0600hrs – Crossing the Start Line

Bersagliari under Artillery Fire

  1. 14th Infantry  Brigade Artillery (14ARTY) laid a barrage onto the northernmost enemy strongpoint of 1 medium CU scoring 5 against the medium strongpoint, scoring 1 red pin or pip (1M=5>M=1). Bersagliari tested for morale for coming under fire for the first time, scoring 4, which was OK
  2. 1st Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment (1BEDS&HERTS) advanced to contact with the enemy and each stand of 3 bases opened fire scoring 2 pins (2L=5+6>M=2).
  3. V Bersagliari Motorised Battalion (5BERGn) returned fire with 1 light die scoring 1 pin (1L=4>L=1)
  4. In the first move, 1BEDS&HERTS have inflicted three pins on 5BERGn and received only one in return, so in the next move they can close assault the strongpoint.

Winning the Firefight

0700hrs – Close Assaulting the Northern Strongpoint

  1.  There were no unwounded stands left in the northern strongpoint, so if 1BEDS&HERTS close assaulted, they would just walk over the position, capturing anyone who was in there.  5BERGn were veteran troops however, and passed a morale test for 50% or over casualties scoring a 6! so the Battalion Commander decided that a fighting withdrawal was in order. 1BEDS&HERTS occupied the position. Their supporting Valentine tanks from 4th Royal Tank Regiment (4RTR) declined to pursue the fleeing enemy until the infantry had reorganised, on the grounds that the enemy had probably covered his lines of retreat with anti-tank fire.
  2. The 1st battalion Black Watch Regiment (1BW) advanced to contact in a co-ordinated brigade attack against the southernmost enemy strongpoint and began the firefight (2L=5+3>M=0).The attack stalled as the defenders returned fire (1L=6>L=2)
  3. 14ARTY laid a barrage  of 1 medium CU scoring 2 against the medium strongpoint to the south, to no effect. The attack remained stalled.
  4. The supporting Matilda battalion of the 1st Royal Tank Regiment (1RTR) began a duel with the DAK 5cm anti tank detachment to their north (DAK PaK). 1RTR (1L=3>M*=0). DAK PaK (1M=6>H=1).

 Black Watch Advance to Contact

0800hrs – Black Watch Continue the Firefight Against the Southern Strongpoint

  1. The tank/anti tank duel continued in the south with more sound and fury than actual damage: 1RTR (1L=3>M*=0). DAK PaK (1M=3>H=0), the PaK was now out of ammunition and could only withdraw next move, or sit tight awaiting a close assault.
  2. 14ARTY laid a barrage onto the southernmost enemy strongpoint (1M=4>M=1). 5BERGs had now received 50% casualties and failed a morale test on 2.
  3. 132ARTY fired on 1BW (1L=4>L=1). 1BW had received 50% casualties and failed a morale test on a 2, becoming disorganised.
  4. 1BW settled into a firefight with 5BERGs causing a permanent (black) casualty (2L=4+5>M*=1) and receiving . 5BERGs failed their 50% morale check on a 1, also becoming disorganised**

0900hrs – Black Watch Win the Firefight Against the Southern Strongpoint

  1. 14ARTY continued to bombard the southernmost enemy strongpoint to no effect (1M=3>M=0).
  2. 132ARTY switched fire onto 1BEDS&HERTS (1L4>L=1).
  3. 1BEDS&HERTS closed to effective fire range against the Southern Strongpoint (2L=3+5>M=1). At this stage the combined attack of two battalions had won the firefight and could advance to contact in the next move. [In the picture below, the 3 stands could have black pins stuck into the bases, or be depicted by casualty markers as shown here]

Black Watch Win the Firefight

1000hrs – Beds & Herts Follow Through to the Defenders Gun Line

  1. 14ARTY continued the barrage on the southernmost enemy strongpoint 5BERGs. The fall of shot was doing more damage now (1M=4>M=1).
  2. 132ARTY continued their barrage on 1BEDS&HERTS (1L=5>L=1).
  3. 1BW mounted a disorganised close assault with only one effective fighting base (F1) against the zero strength 5BERGs, which was automatically overrun. RHQ was unable to offer supporting fire to 5BERGs, as they were disorganised.
  4. The Valentines of 4RTR supporting 1BEDS&HERTS brought 132ARTY under direct fire (1L=6>M=1) causing 1 pin.

Valentines Charging the Guns!

1100hrs – The Enemy is Defeated

  1. In a bold move, the Matilda battalion 1RTR  passed through the Southern Strongpoint and broke into the RHQ position in fine style but caused no enemy casualties (1L=2>L=0) and received none in return*** (1L=4>H=0). The Tank Terror rule was not appropriate here as RHQ had organic anti tank assets. By doing this, 1RTR prevented RHQ from putting in a potentially devastating counter attack. [See picture below]
  2. 4RTR‘s Valentines closed with 132ARTY causing another pin (1L=6>M=1) and receiving no casualties in return (1L=4>M=0) – I really was not making these die rolls up!
  3. 1BEDS&HERTS mounted a well-coordinated close assault with two effective fighting bases (F2) against the single strength point remaining of  132ARTY (S1), which was  overrun as this strength point was defeated in close assault by the attacking infantry (F3= 6,5>S1=5). [See picture above]

Black Watch Close Assault

This battle would conclude with 14BDE consolidating on the positions that it had won and reorganising. The supporting tanks would reorganise, following British doctrine, behind the defending infantry. Logistic elements would move forward to resupply the infantry and tanks

It is worth noting that throughout, I have tried to describe as much of the ‘battle’ as possible using language that would be familiar to the commanders of the day. I find battles personally more satisfying doing this than if the language of wargaming is used, as I use games to try and understand the history of the period, as well as being an enjoyable pastime.

This worked example supercedes the earlier Battle of WASHBOARD RIDGE.


The notation used here is a sort of Chess-style notation that allows me to record the salient points of solo games for future reference, and to keep track in campaigns. For this game I decided that the first people to come under fire would take a morale check, and everyone would at 50%.

* I count most Atk guns as Medium in defence when tanks are firing against them, to reflect the anti-tank guns’ low profile and camouflage, as here.

** disorganised units cannot take advantage of supporting fire, and are automatically overrun if close assaulted.

*** Tanks do not close assault. They drive into an enemy infantry position as they please, but if the infantry do not surrender or run away, then the tanks are treated as light targets in the next move when close assaulted by the defending infantry  if they are unwise enough to stay on the position. See Männer Gegen Panzer to get a feel for what is going on tactically.



Filed under "Rules" Explanations, 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, DAK, Italian Army, Rules Examples, The "Rules", Western Desert, WWII

Wargaming the Battle of Bir Hacheim – Part 3

See the final part of the battle here. Does Ritchie get his marching orders? Is Rommel pounded to dust in the Cauldron? Does Trebian survive having to stick eighteen pins onto Ariete and Littorio? Find out without delay!

NQM 010

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Dodge/Chevvy Tanker – sort of


Last week has been spent filing and chopping Phil’s articulated Poundland tanker to make something that looks vaguely like a WWII 3-ton tanker.  It looks a bit like a Chevvy or a Dodge, so the Desert Airforce gets this one. I reckon that there are at least three more tanker bodies to be had out of the two semitrailer mouldings. The weakest part of the toy is the hotwheel, so I may yet add some better wheels if I can find a cost-effective source, or the patience to mould some out of Milliput. For now though, the conversion is passable enough to go onto the table.


The background shows all the Sdkfz 251s needed for DAK. Yes, that’s four! I already have 4 metal models, but they are on grassy bases and the Plastic Soldier Company offerings are too good to resist.

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, Logistics, Modelling, RAF and Commonwealth AFs, Trucks, Western Desert, WWII

Best Christmas Present Ever!

Every small 50-year old boy awaits Christmas with eagerness. This year was no disappointment. In amongst the parental socks and bottles of port were these Pound Shop trucks:

tankers 014

Ignore the Hurricane in the background and the Japanese in loincloths waiting for their shorts to set. Concentrate instead on the wheelbase of these beauties. I thought that I would have to chop up two Zvezda Matadors to make one of these Leyland Retriever recovery trucks, but the Pound Shop chassies are close enough:

eyland retriever wrecker

Notice the Matador cab glued onto the truck on the far right; it turns out that it is the same width as the original diecast if you are not too fussy (and I’m not!) So here is my work-in-progress (WIP) shot of a  Not Quite Accurate workshop unit for one of my UK  armoured divisions:


From the picture above, it is clear that the Matador cab and body are not an exact match, but that the Milliput roof, a girder and a camouflage net with a thick coat of paint will go a long way to fixing that. The cost of the project was a  total of  20p for the chassis and £2.99 for the body with perhaps 20p for the bits. At first I assumed that the anti-gas plate in front of the windscreen was on the wrong side of my reference picture, but viewing more shots showed that this was not so. I will have to correct that before my final coat of paint.

leyland retriever 1JPG

Camouflage net secured using Evostick and copper wire.

leyland retriever 2

Undercoat on.


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, Logistics, Modelling, Trucks, Western Desert, WWII

The Battle of Washboard Ridge, an NQM Close Assault Example

Following a question of how big the unit of resolution for a close assault should be, the answer is “usually a battalion”. There are occasions when a regiment, brigade or even division may close assault, but these are rare: Brigadier Horror-Frackley, when asked during staff rides,  how many of his troops he wished to commit to the assault,  would answer

“All of them!”

Fortunately for us, the attack at WASHBOARD RIDGE is being conducted by Brigadier O.H. Tidbury (in command 30 October 1940–27 April 1941), who understands the value of reserves.

This 2012 example uses the old NQM method of giving an infantry base a strength of (S3) and has been superceded by taking NQM back to its roots and grouping three (S1) bases into a stand of (S3). See the more recent 2014  Battle of Bir Bar ‘el for the current way of conducting combat :

In 2018 the NQM Corps Scale Orbat (CSO) brought back the S3 stand as a 30 x 50mm stand of approximately the same size as a FoW base. This was to allow the use of bigger, simplified formations on the tabletop without dramatically increasing the workload on players. Bright Pink and Bright Blue items do not appear in NQM CSO

The Brigadier has ordered his anti tank rifles to be left behind as he is facing a reduced (regular) infantry battalion  (2nd) from 115th Infantry Regiment:

  •  Comd  (C3), 3/1 Rifle (s3), 8.1cm Mortar (F3), MG42 (F3)

asslt01 The plan is for a silent attack on a frontage of two battalions (all regular). The picture shows ammo markers in three different ways. The Beds and Harts (2BH) nearest the camera have three group markers (one is taken off each move if the battalion fires).  The York and Lancaster Regiment (2YL) have individual ammo markers, and the Black Watch (2BW) in reserve have a single marker with three green pips on it to remove each move that the battalion fires. The marker to the right has a grid with numbers on it to stick pins into if you don’t like heaps of counters on the table. Brigade attack. Chris Kemp's NQM A Echelon for a brigade attack in the Western Desert. Chris Kemp's NQM Move 1 The battalion commander of the grenadiers elects to split his fire onto each of the attacking British battalions; (if a player declared otherwise, I would want to know if the leading companies in defence were cool enough to ignore the enemy bearing down on their position. I would probably allow the supports to concentrate fire but not the lead companies) (CSO does not use supports, because each stand is a battalion)115th Infantry Regiment before Tobruck. Chris Kemp's NQM Because this is a brigade attack, the reserve battalion could lend the supporting fire of its MMG and mortar if it was ordered to. In this case it is not felt necessary, and on the first move, the 2YL wins its firefight, so can close assault in the next move. The Beds and Harts  do not fare as well, so their attack goes to ground and grinds to a halt until reinforcements arrive to unstick them (this does not mean that they cannot continue to shoot in the hope that they will win the firefight in the next move, BUT THEY CANNOT CLOSE ASSAULT WITHOUT BEING REINFORCED). Brigade attack in the Western Desert. Chris Kemp's NQM Close Assault in the North, move 2 Close Assault. Achtung Schweinhund!Chris Kemp's NQM Battalion Attack in front of heavily defended company positions. Chris Kemp's NQM 2YL win their close assault causing two pips of damage and receiving none. The two forward grenadier companies that received red pins are forced to vacate their position, being replaced by the two forward companies of 2YL. Battalion Attack breaks into heavily defended company positions. Chris Kemp's NQM Note the black heavy die rolled against the Brits to account for the effect of an uncleared minefield in front of the defensive position. In traditional fashion, the heavy die rolled a two! Firefight in the South, move 2 Battalion Attack goes to ground in front of heavily defended company positions. Chris Kemp's NQM 2BH initiate another round of fire with the two grenadier companies south of the ridge. This time they win the firefight and are reinforced by a Black Watch  company, so that they can close assault next move. Battalion Attack regains momentum in front of heavily defended company positions. Chris Kemp's NQM Close Assault in the North, move 3 2YL win their close assault causing two more pips of damage and receiving one. The two forward grenadier companies that received red pins are forced to vacate again, being replaced by the two forward companies of 2YL. Note that they can only carry one ammo marker out of the position with them as they each only have one strength point left. Battalion Attack finally clears heavily defended company positions. Chris Kemp's NQM Close Assault  in the South, move 3 2BH win their Close Assault narrowly, causing one pip of damage, and noting with relief that the minefield die was an equally miserable one! (Although it looks as if the black die is matched aganst the die below, it is not. It is acting as one heavy die of fire at contact). The grenadier company with 3 red pins on it has no fighting strength left. If it gets another hit before it reorganises, it will be destroyed. Battalion Attack fighting through heavily defended company positions. Chris Kemp's NQM At this point, 2nd/115th are forced to take a morale test, which they fail, withdrawing in good order to fight another day. Brigadier Tidbury is content that the position has been taken. He calls for his ‘A’ echelon to come forward and begins the task of reorganising and digging his brigade in before the inevitable counter attack. He will bring forward his transport with engineering stores, anti-tank guns and more ammunition.

*Volltreffer (direct hit) – Often shouted on ski slopes when a novice skier has wiped out a snowboarder.

**Achtung Schweinhund! Harry Pearson’s eponymous book is highly recommended.


Filed under "Rules" Explanations, 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, DAK, Land Battles, Logistics, Western Desert, WWII

1st Free French Brigade Group at BIR HAKIEM

Converted Peter Pigs from Phil Steele’s collection. Copyright Phil Steele.

Crucial to any GAZALA Battle is the contribution of General Koenig’s Free French Brigade (1FF) at BIR HAKIEM. Fortunately, I don’t have to model them as Phil Steel has already made an excellent job of it in 15mm, allbeit he painted them originally as Vichy French. 1FF seemed to be plentifully supplied with 75mm artillery of one sort or another, which I have amalgamated into the 1st Flying Column portee.

Bright Blue Items are not modelled in NQM CSO Orbats

1st Free French Brigade (1FF) (Gen Koenig) – 1 Command Jeep (C3), 1 Signals Vehicle (L3)

1st Free French Tank Coy1 Crusader I,II OR III (F2) (But I own a Char 2C, so see my stand-in on the blog wallpaper!)

1st Free French Flying Column1 Automitrailleuse Dodge ‘Tanake'(F2),

Dodge tanake1 portee 75mm M1897 or ‘Conus gun’ SPG (S3)

conus guncropped-allons-enfants-de-la-patrie.jpeg

1st Fusiliers MarineComd (C1), 3/1 Rifle Bases (F3), Hotchkiss MMG, 81mm Mortar, Boyes ATkRifle (S3)

2nd Bn French Foreign LegionAs 1FM above.

3rd Bn Infanterie Marine PacifiqueAs 1FM above.

1st Moroccan SpahisAs 1FM above.

Engineer1/3 Engineer Bases (E1)

Anti-tank1 Fordson WOt2 25mm CLA portee (S3)

Anti-aircraft1 25 mm CA mle 39 towed/portee (S2)

Logistic1 Ammo Truck (L3), 1 Workshop Truck (L3), 1 Fuel Tanker (L3), 1 Ambulance (L3)

Later on, at ALAMEIN :

Free French by YesthatPhil

Free French by YesthatPhil

1st Free French Division : (Gen Koenig)
– Compagnie de QG51 : Lt Muracciole
– 2e Bataillon de la Légion Etrangère : Cl Amilakvary
– 1e Bataillon d’Infanterie de Marine et du Pacifique : Cdt Bouillon
– 22e Compagnie Nord Africaine : Cpt Lequesne
– 1e Regiment d’Artillerie : Cdt Laurent-Champrosay
– 1e Bataillon de Fusilliers- Marins (A.A.) : CC Amyot d’Inville
– Compagnie Anti-Chars (A.T.) : Cpt Jacquin
– 1e Compagnie de Sapeurs-Mineurs : Cpt Desmaisons
– 1e Compagnie Transmissions : Cpt Renard
– 101e Compagnie Auto (transport) : Cpt Dulau
– Atelier Lourd de Réparations Auto n°1 : Cpt Bell
– Intendance : Int Bouton
– Groupe d’exploitation n°1 : Lt Foussat
– Groupe Sanitaire Divisionnaire n°1 : Med-Cdt Vignes
– Ambulance Chirurgicale Légère : Med-Cdt Durbach
– Hôpital de Campagne Hadfied-Spears : Med Ch Vernier


  1. Corbonnois, D. (2004) L’odyssée de la Colonne Leclerc : Les Français Libres au combat sur le front du Tchad, 1940-43
  2. http://minitracks.forumpersos.com/t155-engins-francais-depuis-1941-a-1945
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/13th_Demi-Brigade_of_the_Foreign_Legion
  4. Haugh, D. (2002) http://www.warwheels.net/images/AMDodgeTanakeDATASHEET.pdf
  5. Bishop, C. (1998) The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II. p.190. Sterling Publishing.
  6. Latimer, J. (2002) Alamein. p.329.
  7. Post by Reasoner, D. (2006) http://testofbattle.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=2916&sid=2b9b5a228faeb353ef45af3326d173d3

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, Infantry, Trucks, Western Desert, WWII

Gazala Tank Strengths Cross Referenced

Michael Carver’s Tobruk (1964) breaks down tank strengths on the 27th  of May 1942 for the start of Rommel’s Operation Skorpion (p.167). comparing this with the chain of command from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gazala#Allies  threw up some anomalies, which I had to resolve by working out the strengths for the whole of 8th Army. The task was complicated by the British habit of splitting tanks into cruiser/medium heavy tanks, and infantry tanks, as two separate groupings.

15mm QRF Crusader with QRF? Austin 3Tonner 'A' Echelon support

“Where’s my truck!”…. “Behind You!”*

8th-army8th Army [Lt Gen Ritchie] – 843 (28) tanks of which:

30th-corpsXXX Corps [Norrie] – 167 (5) Grants, 149 (5) Stuarts**, 275 (9) Crusaders allocated as follow:

(2) Stuart, (2) Crusaders

1st-armdiv1st Armd Div [Maj Gen Lumsden](1) Crusader

2nd Armd Bde [Brig Briggs](1) Grant, (3) Crusader.

22nd Armd Bde [Brig Carr](1) Grant, (3) Crusader.

201st Gds Mot Bde [Brig Marriott/Johnson]

7th-armdiv-1st7th Armd Div [Maj Gen Messervey](1) Grant

4th Lt Armd Bde4th Armd Bde [Brig Richards/Gatehouse](2) Grant,  (2) Stuart.

(British) 7th Mot Bde [Brig Renton]2? motor rifle battalions

(Indian) 3rd Mot Bde [Brig Filose] – 3 motor rifle battalions

(Indian) 29th Inf Bde [Brig Reid]3 infantry battalions

1st Free French Bde [Brig Koenig]4 infantry battalions with supporting arms

Plus 1 Armoured Brigade (from Army Reserve) –  75 (2) Grants (s3) and 75 (2) Stuarts (s3)


*http://www.btinternet.com/~ian.a.paterson/org.htm#Apr1942  gives for an armoured division:

6 RASC companies and 4 light field ambulances, with a Divisional Workshop, and a Brigade Workshop for each brigade. This is roughly as many trucks as tanks, and gives an idea of how big the logistic tail was stretching across the desert. Even this monster was unable to sustain battle for more than a few days at a time before resupply was needed.

**Stuart tanks seemed to be popular with Artillery FOOs in armoured formations, which would easily swallow the “missing” Stuarts in the breakdown above

May 1942 GAZALA (Venezia)

  • this was my original breakdown. The slight differences probably reflect Crusaders being replaced by Grants as battle losses occurred.


Tanks – 849 (28) broken down as :

Armoured cars :  (10) Marmon-Herrington, (3) Humber

Cruiser : (3) M3 Honey, (10) Crusader

Medium : (1) Lee, (4) Grant

Infantry : (3) Matilda II, (7) Valentine

The collection in October 2012

Allied Tanks at GAZALA 4The collection in October 2015. Note the M5s , Shermans and even two ferrets filling in. The four blank bases are waiting for more Valentines


Tanks – 330 (11) broken down as :

Light : (2) PzII

Medium : (8) PzIIIh

Heavy : (1)  PzIVe

15th and 21st Panzer Divisions15th and 21st Panzer Divisions on the march


Tanks – 228 ( 7)  broken down as :

Light: (2) L6/39

Medium : (2)  M11/39, (3) M13/41

Box 023 ArieteAriete Armoured Division

Box 023 : 133 Littortio Armoured DivisionLittorio Armoured Division

The  pictures show the progress made since the original post

updated January 2017


Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, DAK, Italian Army, Orbats, Wargames, Western Desert, WWII

Gazala – British and Commonwealth Forces (Op Crusader)

Forces built up piecemeal in the desert on both sides, so I have taken an arbitary snapshot round about the time of the first GAZALA battles (November 1941) as the basis for a mini campaign. As ever, I am open to suggestions and comments from those with a better knowledge of the period.

Grey Annotations do not appear in the CSO Orbat

British and Commonwealth Forces

Commander-in-Chief Middle East Command: General Claude Auchinleck

8th-armyBritish Eighth Army

Lieutenant-General Alan Cunningham, succeeded on 26 November by Lieutenant-General Neil Ritchie
Model of a Nissen hut with a Campari sun umbrella outside.

30th-corpsXXX Corps

Lieutenant-General Willoughby Norrie
Comd Car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Ammo Truck (s3), POL Truck (s3), Ambulance Truck (s3), Workshop Truck (s3)
Comd Car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Ammo Truck (s3), POL Truck (s3)
  • Divisional troops
    • 4th South African Armoured Car Regiment – Marmon Herrington A/C (R3)
  • 102nd Royal Horse Artillery – FOO (s1), Quad FAT (L3), + 25pdr (S3)
  • 1st Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment RA – Bofors 40mm (S3) + limber (L3)

1st-south-african-division1st South African Division (Major-General George Brink) – Comd car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Ammo Truck (s3), POL Truck (s3), Ambulance Truck (s3), Workshop Truck (s3)

  • 1st Royal Natal Carabineers SA Infantry Corps (Lieutenant Colonel Len Hay, M.C.) (As above minus truck)
  • 1st Transvaal Scottish SA Infantry Corps (As 1DoE above minus truck)
  • One Sqn 3rd SA Armoured Car Regt SA Tank Corps – Marmon Harrington Armd Car (s1)
  • 3rd and 4th Anti-Tank Batteries SA Artillery Corps – FOO (s1), Limber (L2), + 2pdr (s2)
  • 1st Light Anti-Aircraft Battery SA Artillery Corps – Truck (L1),  + 20mm AA (s1) (or portee)
  • 1st Field Company SA Engineering Corps – Truck (s1), Engr (s1)
  • 11th and 15th Field Batteries of 4th Field Regt SA Artillery Corps – FOO (s1), Marmon Herrington FAT (L2), + 25pdr (s2)
  • 7th, 19th and 20th Field Batteries of 7th Field Regt SA Artillery Corps  – FOO (s1), Marmon Herrington FAT (L3),  + 25pdr (s3)
  • 5th South African Infantry Brigade (As 1st bde above)
  • 22nd Guards BrigadeComd Car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Rifle stand (s3) (Defence Platoon)

    • 9th battalion Rifle BrigadeComd (s3),  3 Rifle Stands (s3), VickersMMG (s3), 3″Mortar (s3), ATkRifle (s3), 2 3ton Trucks(L3)
    • 3rd battalion Coldstream Guards Comd (s3),  3 Rifle Stands (s3), VickersMMG (s3), 3″Mortar (s3), ATkRifle (s3), 2 3ton Trucks(L3)

13th-corpsXIII Corps

Lieutenant-General Reade Godwin-Austen
Comd car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Ammo Truck (s3), POL Truck (s3), Ambulance Truck (s3), Workshop Truck (s3) 40mm Flak + Truck (s3)

2nd-new-zealand-infantry-division2nd New Zealand Division (Major-General Bernard Freyberg)

Comd car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Ammo Truck (s3), POL Truck (s3), Ambulance Truck (s3), Workshop Truck (s3), 40mm Flak (s3) + Truck (L3)

  • 4th New Zealand Infantry Brigade – Comd (s3), Signals Vehicle (s3), Rifle stand (s3) (Defence Platoon)
  • 18th Infantry Battalion – Comd (s3), 3-4 Rifle Stands (s3), VickersMMG (s3), 3″Mortar (s3), ATkRifle (s3) (Boyes)
  • 19th Infantry Battalion – (As 18 Bn above)
  • 20th Infantry Battalion – (As 18 Bn above)
  • 5th New Zealand Infantry Brigade – (As 4th Bde above)
    • 21st Infantry Battalion
    • 22nd Infantry Battalion
    • 23rd Infantry Battalion
  • 6th New Zealand Infantry Brigade – (As 4th Bde above)
    • 24th Infantry Battalion
    • 25th Infantry Battalion
    • 26th Infantry Battalion
  • Divisional troops
    • (Reconnaissance) – Marmon Herrington Armd Car (3)
    • 1 Field Regiment, Royal Artillery FOO (s1), Marmon Herrington FAT (L3),  + 25pdr (s3)
    • 25 Field Regiment, Royal Artillery FOO (s1), Marmon Herrington FAT (L3), + 25pdr (s3)
    • 31 Field Regiment, Royal Artillery FOO (s1), Marmon Herrington FAT (L3), + 25pdr (s3)
Comd car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Ammo Truck (s3), POL Truck (s3), Ambulance Truck (s3), Workshop Truck (s3)

Tobruk Garrison

Major-General Ronald Scobie
Comd car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), 40mm Flak + Truck (s3), Ambulance Truck (s3), Workshop truck (s3)

british_wwii_6th_infantry_division70th Infantry Division

Comd car (s3), Signals Truck (s3), Ammo Truck (s3), POL Truck (s3), Ambulance Truck (s3), Workshop Truck (s3) 40mm Flak + Truck (s3)
  • Polish Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade
    • I Carpathian Rifle Battalion
    • II Carpathian Rifle Battalion
    • III Carpathian Rifle Battalion
    • 11 Czechoslovakian Infantry Battalion
    • 2/13 Australian Infantry Battalion
    • Carpathian Machine Gun Battalion
    • Carpathian Field Regiment FOO (s1), Quad FAT (L3), + 25pdr (s3)

***The Brigade was a mix of Valentines and mostly Matildas

Oasis Force

Brigadier Denys Reid
  • 29th Indian Infantry Brigade – (As 4th NZ Inf Bde above)
  • 6th South African Armoured Car Regiment – Marmon Herrington Armd Car (3)

Army Reserve

2nd South African Division Sign2nd South African Division (Major-General Isaac de Villiers) (All as 2 NZ Div above)

  • 3rd South African Infantry Brigade
  • 4th South African Infantry Brigade
  • 6th South African Infantry Brigade


Original text written by:


Paolo Marcenaro http://comandosupremo.com/libya1941.html

and http://www.enotes.com/topic/Eighth_Army_%28United_Kingdom%29

Adapted for NQM with images from various sources, as are the following two posts

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, DAK, Italian Army, Western Desert, WWII