Tag Archives: El Alamein

Minefields and Strongpoints

Minefields and Strongpoints

Minefields and Strongpoints

The Devils Gardens sown around ALAMEIN were complex and wide ranging. Even today, tourist guides advise not straying off tracks, and this despite massive postwar clearance efforts. I should state that I don’t like mine warfare, possibly because part of my job involved training to lay them and actually digging up other peoples mines.

They are however, a major part of the ALAMEIN battlefield, and they need to be modeled. Tradition dictates that a roll of wire wrapped around a Biro and stuck to a lollipop stick is the way to do it and Trebian takes this approach. I went for thin marine ply with sand PVA glued on top and sealed with acrylic paint in suitable shades. Some have mines and other items of interest on them. I went with 150mm (6″) strips to match the square sizes.

I also did a bit more work on the hills and strongpoints to help them blend in. the shot above is a work in progress. You can see that the top right strongpoint has had its top sliced off like a soft-boiled egg, and had an emplacement dropped into it

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11th Honourable Artillery Company RHA

These splendid chaps fought through the GAZALA battles with 25 pdrs in the KNIGHTSBRIDGE box with the Guards Brigade, before being re-equipped with Priest self-propelled guns for 2nd Alamein and fighting with 1st Armoured Division. I have chosen to model the company with a priest, because A, I have one, and B, it provides some variety from the hordes of 25 pdrs that I need to model. PSC carrier crews provided the gunners, with a Peter Pig seated driver furnishing the obligatory “Officer with Map”

I’m currently trying to build extra limbers and to find out if the priests towed them, or used Kangaroos as limbers, or trucks, as I have modelled.

After munching through a PSC box of nine Universal Carriers, and adding five Loyd Carriers* to the eight or so Piggie carriers that I already own, it is clear that I still need more; in particular, FOOs to bulk out my artillery regiments. There is photographic evidence of FOOs in Morris and CMP trucks, and Dingos, but the carriers are such good value, and perfect for the job. More Quads are on the cards too.

* As far as I know, no Loyd carriers made it to North Africa, but they will do as placeholders. (The temptation to write Lloyd is overwhelming)

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, Artillery, Modelling, Western Desert, WWII

1st Armoured Division at ALAMEIN

1st Armoured Division in Box 37 has been getting a bit of work done to it over the weekend. They had a reorganisation and all their divisional tactical signs added, as best I can judge. For amusement, have a close look at the divisional Rhinos. With a bit of imagination, you can see pigs, poodles and sheep pretending to be rhinos. It’s why I dont usually bother in this scale (I’m not fond of transfers either!). The whole exercise took longer than I thought, but was fun.

I came across this photo of 11th Honourable Artillery Company, and was surprised to see that the Div flash is on the wrong side – so I have reproduced it as seen.

The odd-looking 6pdr on a plastic hotwheels truck that is lurking in the top right of the photo above, is a placeholder for a Deacon.

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, Artillery, Infantry, Modelling, tank, Trucks, Western Desert, WWII

51st Highland Division on Parade

51st-infdiv

51st Highland Division

Sometimes, the only way to check that everyone is in Barracks is to put them on Parade. 51st Highland Division looks as if it is ready for a fight … “see Youse Jimmy“*. 40th Light Anti-aircraft Regiment is further back down the line of communications in the photo above.

51st HD infantry Battalions

In Real Life®, my portfolio is in and marked – a pass! My Viva Voce and Ethical paper have both been taken and the final paper is tomorrow. Too soon to celebrate, but I need some playtime!

*A bored colleague of mine, who worked at the Ministry of Defence, used to pick up the phone on  a Friday and announce “War Office … want a fight?

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, Infantry, Orbats, Western Desert, WWII

Aussies – WIP

9th Australian Infantry Division

[A] batch of some 50 or 60 Australian prisoners were marched off close behind us—immensely big and powerful men, who without question represented an elite formation of the British Empire, a fact that was also evident in battle.*
—Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel, Commander, German Afrika Korps, Battle of Tobruk, 1941.

I’ve made a start on  9th Australian Infantry division. I already had one brigade of more-or-less fully painted Piggies (so Veteran troops then), and have added another from the PSC late war British infantry. All that I have managed to do so far is base them up, undercoat them, and add some black for boots and rifles – so green troops for the time being**. Progress has been slow, as on the 1:1 scale front, the garage is turning into a Man Cave (The Den is much too nice now and I have to wear slippers in there).

9th Division contained all the original volunteers and was of very high quality. 10th Division had a proportion of jailbirds in it, with correspondingly lower performance (cannot remember where I read that).

Box 005 Oct 2016

Major General Leslie Morshead

Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

Petrol Company Group

M3 Stuart (Honey)

  • 2/2nd Machine Gun Battalion (not modelled)

  • 2/3rd Pioneer Battalion

    • Truck (L3), Comd, 2 Pioneers (E3)
  • 2/7th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery

    • FOO (O1), Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)
  • 2/8th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery (As Above)

  • 2/12th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery (As Above)

  • 3rd Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery

    • Universal Carrier (S3), 6pdr (S3)

6pdr and Universal Carrier

  • 4th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery

    • Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)

RHA

  • 2/3rd Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers

    • Truck (L3) + optional trailer (L3), 3 Sappers (@E1)
  • 2/7th Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers (As Above)

  • 2/13th Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers (As Above)

  • 2/4th Field Park Company, Royal Australian Engineers

    • Low loader (L3), D7 bulldozer (L3)
  • 9th Australian Division Signals

    • Signals truck (C3)
24th Australian Brigade

Brigadier Arthur H.L. Godfrey

Comd staff car (C3), signals van (C3)

  • 2/28th Australian Infantry Battalion, Western Australia (WA)

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)

Australian Infantry Battalion

  • 2/32nd Australian Infantry Battalion, Victoria (Vic.)

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)
  • 2/43rd Australian Infantry Battalion, South Australia (SA)

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)
26th Australian Brigade

Brigadier David A. Whitehead

Comd staff car (C3), signals van (C3)

  • 2/23rd Australian Infantry Battalion, Vic.

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)
  • 2/24th Australian Infantry Battalion, Vic.

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)
  • 2/48th Australian Infantry Battalion, SA

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)
20th Australian Brigade   (As Above)

Brigadier H. Wrigley

  • 2/13th Australian Infantry Battalion, New South Wales (NSW)

  • 2/15th Australian Infantry Battalion, Queensland (Qld)

  • 2/17th Australian Infantry Battalion, NSW

* Miller, Ward (1986). The 9th Australian Division Versus the Africa Corps: An Infantry Division Against Tanks—Tobruk, Libya, 1941. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: US Army Command and Staff College. OCLC 14129655 Accessed in: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/9th_Division_(Australia) [3 Nov 2016]

**The urge to add some captured Italian Bush Artillery and an M13 with Kangaroos on the side will prove irrisistable at some stage.

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4th Indian Infantry Division

The 4th Indian Infantry Division were old desert hands by the time of the battles at EL ALAMEIN. Here they are, having fought through solidly since GAZALA:

4th-indian-div

4th Indian Infantry Division

Major-General Francis Tuker (known widely as “Gertie”)

Comd in India Patt Carrier or Jeep (C3)

4th-indian-divisional-recce-regiment

  • 1st Field Regiment Royal Artillery

    • FOO (O1), Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)
  • 11th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery

    • FOO (O1), Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)
  • 32nd Field Regiment, Royal Artillery

    • FOO (O1), Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)
  • 149th Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery

    • India Patt or Universal Carrier (S3), 6pdr (S3)
  • 57th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

    • Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)
  • 2nd Field Company, Bengal Sappers and Miners

    • Truck (L3) + optional trailer (L3), 3 Sappers (@E1)
  • 4th Field Company, Bengal Sappers and Miners

    • Truck (L3) + optional trailer (L3), 3 Sappers (@E1)
  • 12th Field Company, Madras Sappers and Miners

    • Truck (L3) + optional trailer (L3), 3 Sappers (@E1)
  • 11th Field Park Company, Madras Sappers and Miners

    • Low Loader (L3), D7 bulldozer (L3)
  • 4th Indian Division Signals

    • Morris or Bedford Signals truck (C3)
5th Indian Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Dudley Russell

Comd in India Patt Carrier or Jeep (C3), signals van (C3)

  • 1/4th Battalion, Essex Regiment

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)
  • 4th (Outram’s) Battalion, 6th Rajputana Rifles

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)

British Indian army Inf Bn

  • 3rd (Queen Mary’s Own) Battalion, 10th Baluch Regiment

    • Comd (s3), 3 Rifles (s3), MMG (s3), 3″ Mortar (s3)
7th Indian Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Arthur Holworthy

Comd in India Patt Carrier (C3), signals van (C3)

61st Indian Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Francis E.C. Hughes

Comd India Patt Carrier (C3), signals van (C3)

Brit Inf Highland Bn WW2

argyll-and-sutherland-highlanders-tartan

By now, it will be obvious to even the most casual reader of this blog that I mix and match British desert infantry. A few turbans, Glengarries, Tam-o-Shanters and slouch hats mixed in with a lot of steel battle bowlers and berets make up the necessary numbers. I must get some of those splendid Kiwi scout hats to add to the mix.

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7th Armoured Division

Hands up if you are a WW2 wargamer, who has not, at some time, painted something from 7th Armoured Division, (The Desert Rats).*7armd-div Here is the NQM version. It comprises an eclectic mix of Command Decision, Flames of War, the defunct MM Models, Plastic Soldier Company, Peter Pig, QRF,  Roco and the odd scratchbuild.

7armd-div-2

The full orbat can be seen on the 8th Army page.

Summary Orbat: 7th-armdiv-1st

Divisional troops:

1st Household Cavalry Regiment

11th Hussars

2nd Derbyshire Yeomanry

44th Reconnaissance Regiment

3rd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery

4th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery

97th (Kent Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery

65th (Suffolk & Norfolk Yeomanry) Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery

15th (Isle of Man) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

4th, 21st, Field Squadron, Royal Engineers

143rd Field Park Squadron, Royal Engineers

7th Armoured Division Signals

4th Lt Armd Bde

4th Light Armoured Brigade

Royal Scots Greys, 4th/8th Hussars, 1st Battalion, King’s Royal Rifle Corps (Truck Mounted Motor Battalion)

22nd_armoured_brigade

22nd Armoured Brigade

1st Royal Tank Regiment, 5th Royal Tank Regiment, 4th County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters), 1st Battalion, Rifle Brigade (Motor Battalion)

Not shown is the under command:

1st Free French Brigade Group

 

*If you did put your hand up, take it down again if you have painted an Airfix Tiger Tank in desert camouflage  🙂

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8th Army Order of Battle at Alamein (CSO)

Sandars1

This humungous post is still a work in progress for a battle a year or so* in the future. It now forms part of the Campaign Orders of Battle page for NQM. This post has been modified to form a reduced orbat to fit onto a more maneagable 11 foot squared table at Trebian’s Shedquarters, or in my Den.

8th-army

8th Army

Lieutenant General Bernard Montgomery Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

montys-staff-car

Under direct Army Command

  • 12th Anti-Aircraft Brigade

    • 14th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

      • Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)

    • 16th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

      • Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)
    • 27th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

      • Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)
    • 88th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

      • Matador Limber (s3), 3.7″  AA (s3)
    • 94th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery

      • Matador Limber (s3), 3.7″  AA (s3)
    • 27th (London Electrical Engineers) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery (two troops) Searchlight (C1)

  • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (for HQ and railway protection[1]) HQ with 8th Army HQ

    • 2nd Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3)

    • 69th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery (199th and 261st batteries) Matador Limber (s3), 3.7″  AA (s3)

8th-army

Army Troops

  • 6th South African Armoured Car Regiment (One troop – not modelled)

    • Marmon-Herrington III
  • B Squadron, 6th Royal Tank Regiment

    • Crusader II Tank (could be Grant or Stuart M3) (S1)
  • 566th Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers Sapper Base (E1)

  •  568th Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers Sapper Base (E1)
  • 25th Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper Base (@E1)

  • 27th Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper Base (@E1)

  • 31st Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper Base (@E1)

  • 1st? Tank Delivery Regiment Scammel Tank Transporter (L1)
  • 8th Army Signals “Monty’s Caravan” Signals Truck (s3)

montys-caravan

10th-corps

X Corps

Lieutenant-General Herbert Lumsden Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 571st Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper Base (E1)

  • 572nd Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper Base (E1)

  • 573rd Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper Base (E1)

  • 570th Field Park Company, Royal Engineers Low Loader or Truck (L3)

  • X Corps Signals Signals Truck (C3)

1st-armdiv

1st Armoured Division

Major-General Raymond Briggs Comd Grant Tank (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 1st Field Squadron, Royal Engineers Sapper Base (@E1)

  • 9th Field Park Squadron, Royal Engineers (from 8th Armd Div) Truck (L3)

  • 1st Armoured Division Signals Signals Truck (C3)

2nd Armoured Brigade

Brigadier Arthur Fisher Crusader II (C3)

92 Sherman, 68 Crusader, one Grant = 161 tanks[2] (3 Shermans, 2 Crusaders)

7th Motor Brigade

Brigadier Thomas J. Bosville Dingo  Armd Car (C3)

  • 2nd Battablion, Kings Royal Rifle Corps Infantry stand in Carrier (F3),  + 6pdr Atk (S3)

  • 2nd Battalion, Rifle Brigade (detached less support company to Hammerforce)

  • 7th Battalion, Rifle Brigade Infantry stand in Carrier (F3),  + 6pdr Atk (S3)

Hammerforce (attached from 8th Armoured Division)
  • 4th/6th South African Armoured Car Regiment Marmon-Herrington III (R3)
    + 2 Recce Markers

  • 146th (Pembroke & Cardiganshire) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 73rd Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery Universal Carrier (L3) + 6pdr (S3)

  • 56th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)

  • Z Company, 1st Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (machine gun) Infantry MMG stand (S3)

  • 7th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 9th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

10th-armdiv

10th Armoured Division

Major-General Alexander Gatehouse Comd Dingo (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 2nd Field Squadron, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 3rd Field Squadron, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 6th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers (attached from 8th Armoured Division) 1 Sapper base (E1)

  • 141st Field Park Squadron, Royal Engineers Low Loader or Truck (L3)

  • 10th Armoured Division Signals Signals Truck (C3)

8th Armoured Brigade

Brigadier Edward C.N. Custance  Crusader II (C3)

45 Crusaders, 57 Grants, 31 Sherman = 133 tanks (1 Crusader, 2 Grants , 1 Sherman)

24th Army Tk Bde
 24th Armoured Brigade (attached from 8th Armoured Division) 

Brigadier Arthur G. Kenchington Crusader II (C3)

2 Grants, 93 Shermans, 45 Crusaders = 140 tanks (1 Crusader, 3 Shermans)

133rd Infantry Brigade (attached from 44th Infantry Division)

Brigadier Alec W. Lee Dingo  Armd Car or Signals Truck (C3)

  • 2nd Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment Infantry stand (F3)

  • 4th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment Infantry stand (F3)

  • 5th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment Infantry stand (F3)

  • W Company, 1st Battalion, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers (machine gun) (attached from 8th Armoured Division) Infantry MMG stand (S3)

8th-armdiv

8th Armoured Division

Major-General Charles Gairdner Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3) (This divisional HQ does not need to be modelled)

(all brigades stripped away from the division prior to the Second Battle of El Alamein)

23rd Armoured Brigade

24th Armoured Brigade

133rd Infantry Brigade

Support Units

8th Support Group
  • 6th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers (detached to 10th Armoured Division)

  • 9th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers (detached to 1st Armoured Division)

  • 145th Field Park Squadron, Royal Engineers

  • 8th Armoured Division Signals Signals truck (C3)

13th-corps

XIII Corps

Lieutenant-General Brian Horrocks Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 4th/6th South African Armoured Car Regiment (one troop) Marmon Herrington armoured car (R1)

  • 578th Army Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 576th Corps Field Park Company, Royal Engineers Low Loader or Truck (E3)

  • XIII Corps Signals Signals truck (C3)

50th-infdiv

50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division

Major-General John Nichols Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 2nd Battalion, Cheshire Regiment (machine gun battalion) Infantry MMG stand (F3)

  • 233rd Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 505th Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 235th Field Park Company, Royal Engineers Low Loader or Truck (E3)

  • 50th Northumbrian Division Signals Signals Truck (C3)

1st Greek Infantry Brigade

Colonel Pausanias Katsotas Comd in Jeep (C3)

  • 1st Infantry Battalion Infantry stand (F3)

  • 2nd Infantry Battalion Infantry stand (F3)

  • 3rd Infantry Battalion Infantry stand (F3)

  • 1st Greek Field Artillery Regiment Quad limber (L3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 1st Greek Machine Gun Company Infantry MMG stand (S1)

  • 1st Greek Field Company, Greek Engineers Sapper base (E1)

151st Infantry Brigade (attached to 2nd New Zealand Division 29 October to 3 November)

Brigadier Joscelyn E.S. Percy  Comd in staff car (C3)

  • 6th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 8th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 9th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

69th Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Edward C. Cooke-Collis Comd in staff car (C3)

2nd Free French Brigade Group (under command)
  • 5th Battalion de Marche Infantry stand (F3)

  • 11th Battalion de Marche Infantry stand (F3)

  • 21st and 23rd North African Anti-Tank Companies Fordson WOt2 25mm CLA portee (S2)

  • 2nd Company, Free French Pioneer base (E1)

44th-infdiv

44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division

Major-General Ivor T.P.Hughes Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 44th Reconnaissance Battalion (detached to 7th Armoured Division)

  • 6th Battalion, Cheshire Regiment (machine gun battalion)

  • 53rd Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 57th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 58th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 65th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 57th Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery Universal Carrier (S3) + 6pdr (S3)

  • 30th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery Morris Limber (S3), 40mm Bofors AA (S3) (or portee)

  • 11th Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 209th Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 210th Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 211th Field Park Company, Royal Engineers  Low Loader or Truck (E3)

  • 577th Army Field Company, Royal Engineers (attached)  Sapper base (E1)

  • 44th Home Counties Division Signals Signals Truck (C3)

131st Infantry Brigade

Brigadier William Donovan Stamer Comd staff car (C3)

  • 1/5th Battalion, Queen’s Royal Regiment (West Surrey) Infantry stand (F3)

  • 1/6th Battalion, Queen’s Royal Regiment (West Surrey) Infantry stand (F3)

  • 1/7th Battalion, Queen’s Royal Regiment (West Surrey) Infantry stand (F3)

132nd (Kent) Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Lashmer Whistler Comd staff car (C3)

133rd (Lorried) Infantry Brigade

Detached to 10th Armoured Division

7th-armdiv-1st

7th Armoured Division

Major-General John Harding Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 1st Household Cavalry Regiment Daimler armoured car (R3)
    + 2 Recce Markers

  • 11th Hussars [under command from 4th Armoured Brigade, in reserve] Morris CS9 armoured car (R3) + 2 Recce Markers

  • 2nd Derbyshire Yeomanry [under command from 8th Armoured Div] Humber A/C or Bren Carrier (R3) + 2 Recce Markers

  • 44th Reconnaissance Regiment (under comd from 44th Inf Div)Universal Carrier or Dingo lt recce car (R3) + 2 Recce Markers

  • 4th Field Squadron, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 21st Field Squadron, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 143rd Field Park Squadron, Royal Engineers Low Loader or Truck (E3)

  • 7th Armoured Division Signals Dorchester Armoured Command Vehicle (C3)

4th Lt Armd Bde
4th Light Armoured Brigade

Brigadier Marcus G. Roddick M3 Stuart Tank (C3)

57 (2) Stuart, 14 (1) Grant = 71 tanks and 9 armoured cars

22nd_armoured_brigade
22nd Armoured Brigade

Brigadier George “Pip” Roberts M3 Stuart Tank (C3)

57 (2) Grant, 50 (2) Crusader, 19 (1) Stuart = 126 tanks

1st Free French Brigade Group (under command)

Brigadier Marie Pierre Koenig Comd Jeep (C3)

  • 1st Battalion, Foreign Legion Infantry stand (F3)

  • 2nd Battalion, Foreign Legion Infantry stand (F3)

  • 3rd Battalion, Pacific Marine Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 3rd Field Regiment, Royal Artillery (attached) Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 1st Free French Artillery Regiment Renault limber (S3), 75mm gun (S3)

  • 2nd Anti-Aircraft Company, 1st Marine Fusiliers

  • 2nd Free French Anti-Tank Company

  • 22nd North African Anti-Tank Company Fordson WOt2 25mm CLA portee (S2)

  • 1st Field Company, Free French Engineers Sapper base (E1)

with (under command)

  • 1st Free French Flying Column Automitrailleuse Dodge ‘Tanake'(F2),

  • Armoured Car Squadron and Portee troop, 1st Marocco Spahis Portee 75mm M1897 or ‘Conus gun’ SPG (S3)

  • 1st Free French Tank Company Crusader III Tank (S1)

  • Anti-Aircraft troop, 1st Battalion, Foreign Legion ?25 mm CA mle 39 towed/portee (S3)

30th-corps

XXX Corps

Lieutenant General Oliver Leese Comd in staff car (S3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • XXX Corps Defence Squadron Infantry MMG (S1)

  • C Squadron, 4th/6th South African Armoured Car Regiment Marmon Herrington (R1)

  • 66th Mortar Company, Royal Engineers (two sections detached to 9th Australian Division. Fired only HE during the campaign but trained for chemical warfare) 4.2″ Mortar (S1)

  • 11th Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper (@E1)

  • 13th Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper (@E1)

  • 22nd Field Park Company, South African Engineers Low Loader (L3), D7 bulldozer (L3)

  • XXX Corps Signals Signals truck (C3)

9th Australian Infantry Division

9th Australian Division

Major General Leslie Morshead Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 9th Division Cavalry Regiment Crusader III or M3 Stuart Tank (F3)

  • 2/2nd Machine Gun Battalion Infantry MMG stand (F3)

  • 2/3rd Pioneer Battalion 3 Pioneers (E3)

  • 2/7th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Arty Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 2/8th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Arty Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 2/12th Field Regiment, Royal Australian Arty Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 3rd Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Australian Arty Univ. Carrier (S3), 6pdr (S3)

  • 4th LAA Regiment, RAA Morris Limber (L3), 40mm Bofors/portee AA (S3)

  • 2/3rd Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers Sapper base (@E1)

  • 2/7th Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers Sapper base (@E1)

  • 2/13th Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers Sapper base (@E1)

  • 2/4th Field Park Company, Royal Aust Engineers Low Loader or Truck (E3)

  • 9th Australian Division Signals Signals truck (C3)

24th Australian Brigade

Brigadier Arthur H.L. Godfrey  Commander with Mortar (C3)

  • 2/28th Australian Inf Battalion, Western Australia (WA) Infantry stand (F3)

  • 2/32nd Australian Inf Battalion, Victoria (Vic.) Infantry stand (F3)

  • 2/43rd Australian Inf Battalion, South Australia (SA) Infantry stand (F3)

26th Australian Brigade

Brigadier David A. Whitehead  Commander with Mortar (C3)

20th Australian Brigade

Brigadier H. Wrigley  Commander with Mortar (C3)

  • 2/13th Australian Inf Battalion, New South Wales (NSW) Infantry stand (F3)

  • 2/15th Australian Infantry Battalion, Queensland (Qld)  Infantry stand (F3)

  • 2/17th Australian Infantry Battalion, NSW Infantry stand (F3)

51st-infdiv

51st Highland Infantry Division

Major General Douglas Wimberley Comd staff car (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3), Signals Truck (C3)

  • 126th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 127th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 128th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 61st Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery Universal Carrier (S3), 6pdr (S3)

  • 40th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)

  • 274th Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 275th Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 276th Field Company, Royal Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 239th Field Park Company, Royal Engineers Low Loader or Truck (L3)

  • 51st Highland Division Signals Signals Truck (C3)

152nd Infantry Brigade

Brigadier George Murray Commander with Mortar (C3)

153rd Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Douglas Graham Commander with Mortar (C3)

  • 5th Battalion, Black Watch Infantry stand (F3)

  • 1st Battalion, Gordon Highlanders Infantry stand (F3)

  • 5th/7th Battalion, Gordon Highlanders Infantry stand (F3)

154th Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Henry W. Houldsworth Commander with Mortar (C3)

  • 1st Battalion, Black Watch Infantry stand (F3)

  • 7th Battalion, Black Watch Infantry stand (F3)

  • 7th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders  Infantry stand (F3)

2nd-new-zealand-infantry-division

2nd New Zealand Division

Lieutenant-General Bernard Freyberg Comd in Dingo (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 4th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 5th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 6th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 7th Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery Universal Carrier (S3), 6pdr (S3)

  • 14th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) 

  • 6th Field Company, Royal New Zealand Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 7th Field Company, Royal New Zealand Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 8th Field Company, Royal New Zealand Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 5th Field Park Company, Royal NZ Engineers Low Loader or Truck (L3)

  • 2nd New Zealand Division Signals Signals truck (C3)

5th New Zealand Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Howard Kippenberger Comd with Mortar (C3)

  • 21st Battalion, New Zealand Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 22nd Battalion, New Zealand Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 23rd Battalion, New Zealand Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 28th (Māori) Battalion, New Zealand Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

6th New Zealand Infantry Brigade

Brigadier William Gentry Comd with Mortar (C3)

  • 24th Battalion, New Zealand Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 25th Battalion, New Zealand Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

  • 26th Battalion, New Zealand Infantry Infantry stand (F3)

9th Armd Bde
9th Armoured Brigade

Brigadier John Currie   Crusader III Tank (C3)

35 (1) Sherman, 37 (1) Grant, 46 (2) Crusader =118

1st-south-african-division

1st South African Infantry Division

Major-General Dan Pienaar  Comd Dingo (C3),  Signals van (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 8th Royal Tank Regiment (attached from 23rd Armoured Brigade, in reserve until 31 Oct)[nb 1]  Valentine II Tank (C3)

  • 3rd South African Armoured Car Reconnaissance Regiment Marmon Herrington armd car (R3) + 2 recce markers

  • Regiment President Steyn (machine gun battalion) Infantry MMG stand (F3)

  • 2nd Regiment Botha (in reserve until 31 October) Infantry stand (F3)

  • 1st Field Regiment, Cape Field Artillery, South African Artillery Marmon Herrington Gun Tractor (L3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 4th Field Regiment, South African Artillery Marmon Herrington Gun Tractor (L3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 7th Field Regiment, South African Artillery Marmon Herrington Gun Tractor (L3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 1st Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, South African Artillery Morris Limber (L3), 40mm Bofors AA (S3)

  • 1st Anti-Tank Regiment, South African Artillery Universal Carrier (S3), 6pdr (S3)

  • 1st Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 2nd Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 3rd Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 5th Field Company, South African Engineers Sapper base (E1)

  • 19th Field Park Coy, South African Engineers Low Loader or Truck (L3)

  • 1st South African Division Signals Signals truck (C3)

1st South African Infantry Brigade

Brigadier E.P. Hartshorn  Comander with Mortar (C3)

2nd South African Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Evered Poole  Comander with Mortar (C3)

3rd South African Infantry Brigade

Brigadier R.J. Palmer  Comander with Mortar (C3)

4th-indian-div

4th Indian Infantry Division

Major-General Francis Tuker  Comd India Patt Carrier (C3), Signals van (C3), Ammo Truck (L3), POL Truck (L3), Ambulance (L3), Workshop Truck (L3)

  • 1st Field Regiment Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 11th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 32nd Field Regiment, Royal Artillery Quad limber (S3), 25pdr (S3)

  • 149th Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery Ind Patt

  • Carrier (S3), 6pdr (S3)

  • 57th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery Morris Limber (s3), 40mm Bofors AA (s3) (or portee)

  • 2nd Field Company, Bengal Sappers and Miners Sapper base (E1)

  • 4th Field Company, Bengal Sappers and Miners Sapper base (E1)

  • 12th Field Company, Madras Sappers and Miners  Sapper base (E1)

  • 11th Field Park Company, Madras Sappers and Miners Low Loader or Truck (L3)

  • 4th Indian Division Signals Signals truck (C3)

5th Indian Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Dudley Russell  Comander with Mortar (C3)

7th Indian Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Arthur Holworthy  Comander with Mortar (C3)

61st Indian Infantry Brigade

Brigadier Francis E.C. Hughes Comander with Mortar (C3)

Corps Reserve

23rd Armd Bde

23rd Armoured Brigade

Brigadier George W. Richards

186 (6) Valentine tanks

  • 121st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery (Used as close support for the Valentine Regts)  3 ton truck limber (L3), Bishop self-propelled 25pdr (S3)

  • 168th Battery, 56th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery Morris Limber (s1), 40mm Bofors AA (s1) (or portee)

  • 295th Army Field Company, Royal Engineers (three troops detached to 50th Royal Tank Regiment with 51st (Highland) Division)

Notes:

 *Written in 2015. Still a year or so away in 2018!

I haven’t shown the dozens of corps and army level RASC companies used for ferrying infantry battalions and supplies from railhead to front lines.

Use of 4.2″ mortar HE ammunition is mentioned mainly in 66 Smoke Squadron RE.

Note also links within the text referring to regimental histories, mainly to determine which equipment was in use at the time of the battle. Where no evidence could be found, I have gone with the most likely TO&E, simplified for NQM, so for example, an armoured brigade that would have had a mix of tanks in each regiment has been shown with one tank type in each.

There is considerable lattitude in representing command stands. Use whatever command vehicles you have. I’m not attempting to model this orbat in it’s entirety.

Sources

This monster post was originally cut and pasted from Wickipedia at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Battle_of_El_Alamein_order_of_battle [Accessed 3/8/2015]

Then modified for formatting and NQM orbat strengths.

The following sources were referred to:

Alamein by C.E.Lucas Phillips (1965). Pan Books, London.

British Forces Battle of El Alamein 23 October 1942. Available from: http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/942BJOC.pdf [Accessed 3 Aug 2015]

War Diaries for 2nd Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. Available at:  http://www.warlinks.com/armour/2nd_rgh/index.php [Accessed 3/8/2015]

British Formation Badges 1939-1945 by  Peter Ghiringhelli (2007).

Available from: http://www.petergh.f2s.com/flashes.html  [Accessed 31/10/2016]

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Filed under 15mm Miniatures Wargames, 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, Orbats, Western Desert

Key Dates for the North African Campaigns in the Western Desert

This is a work in Progress as I rough out the framework for a North African Campaign, text taken wholesale from  http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/the-north-african-campaign/timeline :

In broad terms, there were 3 Major British desert land offensives: Compass (December 1940), Crusader (November 1941) and Lightfoot/Supercharge (October/November 1942).

These were followed by Torch (November 1942) and Vulcan (April 1943 ) in Tunisia

1940

10 June: Italy declared war on Great Britain and France; Canada declared war on Italy.

11 June: Australia, New Zealand and South Africa declared war on Italy.

11-12 June: East Africa campaign began.

4 August: Italy invaded British Somaliland.

13 September: Italy invaded Egypt.

28 October: Italy invaded Greece.

9 December: Operation Compass, the first Western Desert offensive began.

16 December: British offensive opened in Italian East Africa; Egypt cleared of Italian forces.

1941

6 February: OKW issue order for Operation Sonnenblume.

22 January: Tobruk in Libya fell to British and Australian troops.

7 February: Benghazi captured by British.

12 February: German forces under General Erwin Rommel arrived in TRIPOLI.

17 February: Instructions issued to military commanders for a Greek expedition.

6-7 March: British troops entered Greece.

24 March: Rommel captured EL AGHEILIA in Libya with little resistance.

30 March: Enemy counter offensive began in the Western Desert. German armour and Italian infantry advanced.

3 April: British evacuated BENGHAZI.

6 April: Germany invaded Yugoslavia and Greece.

10 April: Australians forced to withdraw to TOBRUK.

12-13 April: Rommel encircled TOBRUK. Siege began.

14 April: German attack on TOBRUK repulsed.

22-29 April: Evacuation of troops from Greece to Crete and Egypt.

27 April: Germans entered Athens. Greece surrendered to Germany.

15 May: Operation Brevity. Limited counterattack by Wavell retook HALFAYA pass.

17 May: Italian forces in East Africa surrendered.

20 May: German airborne invasion of Crete began. MALEME airfield captured.

26 May: Operation Skorpion (Venezia) began.

28-31 May: British and Commonwealth troops evacuated from Crete.

2-11 June: The Cauldron Battle around BIR HAMAT/SIDI MUFTAH

15-18 June: Operation Battleaxe failed to relieve TOBRUK.

4-6 October: BENGHAZI and TRIPOLI raided by RAF.

18 November: Operation Crusader began in the Western Desert. New Zealand Division crossed the Libyan frontier into Cyrenaica.

21 November: Tank battle between British 8th Army and Axis forces began south and south-east of TOBRUK.

23 November: Totensonntag

26 November: New Zealand Division linked up with garrison at TOBRUK.

27-30 November: Axis forces returned to TOBRUK front.

2 December: Heavy RAF raids on Axis supply bases in TRIPOLI and BENGHAZI.

10 December: Siege of TOBRUK lifted.

11 December: Germany declared war on United States.

16 December: Rommel began retreat to EL AGHEILA.

24 December: 8th Army captured BENGHAZI.

1942

2 January: 8th Army captured BARDIA.

6 January: Rommel commenced offensive at EL AGEDABIA.

8 January: Rommel repulsed and withdrew during sandstorms.

21 January: Rommel commenced second offensive.

23 January: Axis troops took EL AGEDABIA.

29 January: Rommel’s forces retook BENGHAZI.

20 February: Western Desert frontline stabilised at GAZALA.

26 May: Rommel launched Operation Venezia to recapture TOBRUK.

5 June: The “Cauldron battle around SIDI MUFTAH.

12 June: The “Knightsbridge” crisis at BIR BEL(L)EFAA.

21 June: Rommel captured TOBRUK.

30 June: Rommel reached EL ALAMEIN.

1 July: First Battle of EL ALAMEIN.

7 August: General Bernard Montgomery took command of 8th Army.

2 September: Montgomery drove Rommel back by  in the Battle of ALAM HALFA.

21 September: Rommel handed over command of Italian-German Panzer Army to General Stumme and left for Germany.

23 October: Operation Lightfoot (Second Battle of El Alamein) began. New Zealand Division captured MITEIRYA RIDGE.

25 October: General Stumme died. Rommel returned to North Africa.

28 October: RAF disrupted German armour reforming for possible counter attack at EL ALAMEIN.

2 November: Operation Supercharge began. 8th Army broke through Axis forces at EL ALAMEIN. New Zealand Division opened a way for British armour.

8 November: Operation Torch began. American and British forces land in French Morocco and Algeria under Lieutenant General Eisenhower.

11 November: Axis forces driven out of Egypt.

13 November: TOBRUK fell to the 8th Army

20 November: BENGHAZI recaptured by British forces.

13 December: Rommel withdrew from EL AGHEILA.

Fieseler Storch Fi 156. (1937), [STOL Army Cooperation]. All Fronts. (Tankzone model from the Author’s collection)

1943

23 January: 8th Army under General Montgomery entered TRIPOLIi.

29 January: 8th Army advance parties entered Tunisia.

27 February: 8th Army took up position opposite the MARETH LINE, Tunisia.

6 March: Rommel attacked 8th Army in Tunisia and was repulsed.

9 March: Rommel left North Africa and returned to Germany on sick leave.

20-28 March: 8th Army broke through the MARETH LINE.

5 April: Operation Flax. Allied air operation cut Axis air supply lines to North Africa

6 April: Axis forces in Tunisia withdrew as British and American forces link up.

22 April: Operation Vulcan. First Army offensive began against TUNIS.

7 May: Operation Strike. Operation Retribution was an air and sea blockade of Axis Naval forces to cut off North Africa.

7 May: Allies captured TUNIS.

12-13 May: German and Italian troops surrendered in North Africa.

Sources:

  1. ‘The North African Campaign timeline’,  http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/war/the-north-african-campaign/timeline, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage). I simply cut and pasted the text, deleted specific references to the Kiwi divisions and tidied up the tenses used to the past tense. Otherwise this can be considered an edited quote from this website. I have added further dates for German Offensives. The NZ site may have drawn it’s (uncredited) text from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_African_Campaign_timeline, as Wiki cites reference sources and the NZ Ministry for culture doesn’t. The two texts are too similar to be coincidental.
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Compass
  3. Ellis, J. (1993) The World War II Databook. London: BCA
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Flax
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Retribution
  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Skorpion
  7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Sonnenblume (Don’t miss the Hindi verion on youtube :http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uB7YYIQvzbQ – Sadly, there is no singing!)

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Filed under 8th Army - British and Commonwealth, DAK, Italian Army, Western Desert, WWII